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11 Jun 20. Altitude Angel and Inmarsat to Develop a ‘Pop-Up UTM.’ Altitude Angel, a global UTM (Unmanned Traffic Management) technology provider, and Inmarsat, the world leader in global mobile satellite communications, announced a collaboration to develop and deliver advanced flight tracking and management capability for Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs).
The two companies will build on Altitude Angel’s GuardianUTM platform to jointly that can be deployed anywhere it is required to manage Beyond Visual Line of Sight (BVLOS) UAV flights, without the need for ground-based communications infrastructure. By utilising Inmarsat’s sector-leading global network of satellites and leveraging its substantial experience in Air Traffic Management (ATM) communications, Altitude Angel’s Pop-Up UTM can be accessed rapidly and deployed worldwide.
The Pop-Up UTM will be developed initially to address the unmanned traffic management needs of blue light emergency services and first responders who need aerial surveillance rapidly with little notice, with a commercial, industry-focussed product to follow soon after. Through this technology, emergency services will be able to remotely manage UAVs, increasing their range of safe operations in mixed airspace of manned and unmanned vehicles.
Anthony Spouncer, Inmarsat Aviation’s Senior Director of UAVs & UTM, said, “We are excited to partner with Altitude Angel on this ground-breaking technology, which allows UAV flights to operate quickly, efficiently and safely. Inmarsat is uniquely positioned to act as a catalyst for the safe and rapid growth of the UAS (Unmanned Aircraft Systems) sector due to our state-of-the-art global satellite network, decades of experience in keeping aircraft safe through communications, navigation and surveillance services, and relationships with ATM providers worldwide. We also bring first-hand experience of working with international aid organisations to deliver emergency communications in remote areas.”
Phil Binks, Altitude Angel, Head of Air Traffic Management, added: “The ability to almost instantly ‘pop-up’ safe, secure and fully operational UTM platforms in any environment, at any time, will give first responders, blue light services and aid organisations a valuable tool that could save countless lives. Altitude Angel and Inmarsat, in developing ‘Pop-Up UTM’, will be able to bring connectivity, clarity and automated air traffic control services for UAVs in even the most challenging of circumstances.”
In order to provide emergency services and first responders with the ability to have a single source point-of-truth where UAVs and piloted aviation can be co-ordinated on the same platform, Altitude Angel is able to adapt existing services to work on higher latency/lower bandwidth networks and enable ‘mode switching’ to ensure a robust communications link with deployed vehicles is always maintained. (Source: UAS VISION)
11 Jun 20. Senate bill promises more funding for space-based hypersonic defense, but mum on details. An early version of the Senate’s annual defense bill would provide additional funding for space-based sensors capable of detecting and tracking hypersonic weapons, according to a summary released June 11. However, details on the proposal are scant.
Congress has become increasingly concerned over the threat posed by hypersonic weapons under development by China and Russia. Too dim to be reliably picked up by current space-based sensors and able to maneuver around terrestrial sensors, hypersonic weapons make much of the current missile warning system obsolete, as it was designed for ballistic missile threats.
To counter this threat, the Defense Department has proposed a solution: a proliferated constellation of satellites operating in low Earth orbit. Once a hypersonic threat is detected, the constellation tracks it while passing custody from satellite to satellite as the weapon moves around the globe.
This Hypersonic and Ballistic Tracking Space Sensor, or HBTSS, will be part of the new National Defense Space Architecture, a proliferated constellation that will eventually be made up of hundreds of small satellites operating primarily in low Earth orbit. The Space Development Agency is overseeing this effort and plans to begin placing its first satellites on orbit in fiscal 2022.
The Missile Defense Agency listed HBTSS as an unfunded priority during the prior budget cycle, and ultimately Congress did allocate $108m to the agency for the program in FY20. Now the Senate Armed Services Committee says it will provide additional funding for the program for FY21, but it has yet to say by how much.
The summary also does not note where the funding for HBTSS will go. Determining which agency would be in charge of HBTSS was a source of friction between the Pentagon and Congress in 2019, with the latter pushing for MDA to take primary responsibility for the effort, while the White House claimed it was too early to put one agency in charge.
Ultimately, legislation passed by Congress in December directed MDA to be the lead agency for the development and deployment of HBTSS. However, the Missile Defense Agency’s proposed FY21 budget transfers HBTSS funding responsibility to the Space Development Agency.
At the same time, MDA awarded four $20m contracts to companies to develop HBTSS prototypes in October. The four companies selected were Northrop Grumman, Leidos, Harris Corporation and Raytheon. The SDA recently issued a request for proposals for wide field of view satellites that references medium field of view satellites which are expected to be launched in 2023. According to SDA Director Derek Tournear, those will be the first space components of MDA’s HBTSS.
Still, it’s unclear whether Congress will endorse moving HBTSS funding responsibility to SDA in FY21.
When faced with criticism over that move from legislators at a March hearing, MDA Director Vice Adm. Jon Hill assured them that his agency would remain in charge of sensor development for HBTSS, with SDA providing money to MDA for the effort. Hill said the decision to move the funding was made by Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering Michael Griffin
SDA is asking for $137m for space technology development in FY21, which includes funding for space sensor technology. The agency expects to begin placing payloads on orbit in FY22. The budget request does not specifically break out funding for HBTSS.
MDA has also asked for $207m for hypersonic defense. That funding will help the agency develop a regional glide phase weapon system and maturing technologies for future hypersonic defense architectures. It does not include funding specifically for HBTSS, as that has transitioned to SDA. (Source: Defense News)
10 Jun 20. USMC says updated satellite communications system works better than expected.
“MUOS gives us a 3G capability using satellite constellations,” said Lt. Col. Jeff Decker, Marine Corps System Command’s Ground Radios product manager. “It is similar to a cell phone capability in the sky that covers the entire globe.”
In March 2019, the Marine Corps began field testing AN/PRC-117G radio systems with updated firmware and one of three antenna kits that can connect to MUOS with the I Marine Expeditionary Force at Twentynine Palms, California, for assessment. According to the Marine Corps, this updated version of MUOS provides increased network stability during missions.
Testing of the system included Marines participating in fire support simulation exercises where they used MUOS to coordinate air strikes and mortar support as well as scenario-based exercises where MUOS was used for rehearsing command and control operations.
“I believe the exercises went really well,” said Sgt. Mason J. Roy, video chief for Communication Strategy and Operations at I MEF. “The idea that we can send a video or photo from the field to a command post [using MUOS] shows we can rapidly inform commanders with visual information so that commands could potentially adjust battlespaces to promote mission accomplishment and protect our troops.”
The Marine Corps reports that feedback from those efforts was overwhelmingly positive, with the system’s performance exceeding expectations. Decker specifically praised the system for its adaptability and the lack of performance gaps or any technical difficulties.
“We tested the system through user evaluation exercises to understand not only what the capability can do on paper, but how we can use it to increase lethality and provide redundancy across the [Fleet Marine Forces],” said Decker. “We try to figure out anything that could be a possible issue for the warfighter. This helps to validate the concept of operations, and it allows us to provide lessons learned to other MEFs.”
And while the Marine Corps is happy with how the technology performed in field tests, they’re continuing to pursue technological advances on the radio side that can improve that communications capability.
“We’re looking to support the warfighter with a lethal and sustainable capability, which is the command’s focus,” said Decker. “The more robust and resilient the capability, the more we can start adding on back-end systems to help Marines. MUOS is changing the way we look at a tactical satellite architecture.”
The Marine Corps says it will begin fielding this updated MUOS over the summer. (Source: C4ISR & Networks)
11 Jun 20. Queensland-designed rocket system to boost Australian space industry. New technologies for a next-generation hybrid rocket that will launch small satellites into low-Earth orbits from 2022 are being developed in Queensland, thanks to a partnership between University of Queensland researchers and Gilmour Space.
An Advance Queensland Industry Research Fellowship grant has been awarded to University of Queensland’s Dr Ingo Jahn to work with Gold Coast-based Gilmour Space on propellant feed systems and cycles for space launch vehicles.
Dr Jahn said having researchers and industry work closely together was invaluable for Australia’s space industry, “Rather than buying products from overseas, the rockets and components will be manufactured in Australia, and this is an essential step towards developing a space launch vehicle industry in Queensland, with many expected flow-down benefits to our manufacturing industries.”
The UQ team is focusing on developing and validating the fuel feed system, which must meet the stringent control and performance requirements of the launch system while also remaining as light as possible.
“Fuel delivery systems for rockets are one of the most complex engineering challenges. They are located at the intersection of multiple systems; to stay light they have to be incredibly power dense, they must operate across wide temperature and pressure ranges and they are safety critical,” Dr Jahn added.
Gilmour Space is at the forefront of the development of next-generation hybrid rocket technologies that are safer and more cost-effective than traditional chemical-propulsion rockets.
Chief operating officer and company co-founder James Gilmour said 2020 would be a busy year for the group as it developed and tested the various rocket systems in the orbital launch vehicle.
“We’re grateful to UQ and the government for supporting our efforts to grow a space launch industry here in Queensland,” Mr Gilmour said.
Dr Jahn added, “This is an excellent opportunity as it allows know-how and fundamental research conducted at UQ to be transferred to an application of national importance. Seeing your research adopted into a product is the dream of every researcher and engineer – what could be better than seeing your research fly to the stars?”
To support the project, the Advance Queensland grant will fund another PhD researcher at UQ for three years, providing a rare opportunity for knowledge transfer and on-the-job training with a leading space company.
Minister for State Development, Tourism and Innovation Kate Jones congratulated Dr Jahn and Gilmour Space for their efforts to advance space manufacturing here in Australia.
“The Advance Queensland Industry Research Fellowship is awarded to top researchers in their fields. It is with commercial-oriented partnerships like these that we will foster close collaborations between our key industries and universities, leading to significant areas of growth for Queensland and Australia,” Ms Jones said.
Gilmour Space is a venture-backed Australian rocket company developing new capabilities for launching small satellites to space.
Founded by two brothers in 2013, this Queensland-based start-up is now one of Australia’s leading space companies pioneering new and innovative hybrid propulsion technologies that will offer lower-cost access to space. (Source: Space Connect)
09 Jun 20. Intelsat General Enters into Cooperative R&D Agreement with U.S. Army Combat Capabilities Development Command C5ISR Center.
Collaboration aims to advance SATCOM system capabilities.
Intelsat General Communications, LLC (IGC), a wholly owned subsidiary of Intelsat, has entered into a Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA) for Satellite Communications Terminals, Technologies and Constellations Interoperability with the U.S. Army Combat Capabilities Development Command (CCDC), Command, Control, Communications, Computers, Cyber, Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance Center (C5ISR).
The Agreement establishes a cooperative effort to assess and develop Intelsat General’s technology and services as a solution for the Army’s mission and efforts to progress satellite communications (SATCOM) systems capabilities. The CRADA between the C5ISR Center and IGC will also help to establish a working environment to conduct tests, demonstrations, experiments and exploratory information exchanges.
Intelsat General’s FlexGround service aligns closely with the Army’s Tactical Network Modernization focus for Capability Set 2023. FlexGround offers highly portable broadband connectivity both on the pause and on the move, enabling ground force mobility, range extension, rapidly deployable command posts with smaller electronic and physical signatures, converged mission command and control, common operational picture technologies, improved cybersecurity, and anti-jam capabilities.
“We look forward to working with C5ISR and bringing new capabilities to warfighters as quickly as possible,” said Intelsat General President Skot Butler. “Intelsat General’s new FlexGround service, for example, is purposefully designed to keep tactical users in remote environments securely connected with the high data rates they require. No matter where in the world, our ultra-portability, high-throughput, flexible service plans, pay-as-you-go option, and global availability enable troops to quickly access the connectivity they need whenever and wherever they need it. We have taken the complexity out of SATCOM, so our customers can focus on their core mission.” (Source: BUSINESS WIRE)
09 Jun 20. SpaceX launches latest round of Starlink satellites. Building on the success of the Crew Dragon test launch, SpaceX has successfully launched it latest round of the Starlink communications satellites from Space Launch Complex 40 (SLC-40) at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station.
Falcon 9’s first stage previously supported the Telstar 18 VANTAGE mission in September 2018, the Iridium-8 mission in January 2019, and two separate Starlink missions in May 2019 and in January 2020.
Following stage separation, SpaceX landed Falcon 9’s first stage on the ‘Just Read the Instructions’ droneship, which was stationed in the Atlantic Ocean.
On this mission, SpaceX launched the first Starlink satellite with a deployable visor to block sunlight from hitting the brightest spots of the spacecraft.
SpaceX is leveraging its experience in building rockets and spacecraft to deploy the world’s most advanced broadband internet system.
With performance that far surpasses that of traditional satellite internet and a global network unbounded by ground infrastructure limitations, Starlink will deliver high speed broadband internet to locations where access has been unreliable, expensive or completely unavailable.
Each Starlink satellite weighs approximately 260 kilograms and features a compact, flat-panel design that minimises volume, allowing for a dense launch stack to take full advantage of Falcon 9’s launch capabilities.
With four powerful phased array and two parabolic antennas on each satellite, an enormous amount of throughput can be placed and redirected in a short time, for an order of magnitude lower cost than traditional satellite-based internet.
Starlink satellites are on the leading edge of on-orbit debris mitigation, meeting or exceeding all regulatory and industry standards.
At end of their life cycle, the satellites will utilise their on-board propulsion system to de-orbit over the course of a few months.
In the unlikely event their propulsion system becomes inoperable, the satellites will burn up in Earth’s atmosphere within one to five years, significantly less than the hundreds or thousands of years required at higher altitudes.
Further, Starlink components are designed for full demisability.
Starlink is the name of a satellite network that the private spaceflight company SpaceX is developing to provide low-cost internet to remote locations.
While SpaceX eventually hopes to have as many as 12,000 satellites in this so-called mega-constellation, the size and scale of the project has flustered astronomers and amateur skywatchers, who fear that the bright, orbiting objects will interfere with observations of the universe. (Source: Space Connect)
09 Jun 20. Planet Announces 50cm SkySat Imagery, Tasking Dashboard and Up to 12x Revisit. Planet, operator of history’s largest commercial fleet of satellites, today announced three new product releases as part of their overall tasking offerings. Combined, these releases not only enhance the core imagery for analysis, but also reduce friction to acquire that data.
Higher resolution 50 cm imagery. In just six months, Planet successfully lowered their SkySat constellation to enhance the spatial resolution of their SkySat imagery from 80 cm to 50 cm for our ortho product. This improvement enables customers to get a more precise view of changing conditions on the ground and adds more granular context to decision-making. This is particularly important for commercial and government mapping use cases, where seeing smaller features like road surface markings are key.
Tasking Dashboard. Planet wants to democratize access to their assets, and have heard from all their users a desire to have simpler and faster workflows. Planet’s imaging pipeline and delivery infrastructure have been built in the cloud and both the Tasking Dashboard and API are the latest results of that foundation. The Tasking Dashboard is a new user interface that allows customers to request SkySat collections, while our new API provides efficient, automated accessInstead of spending precious time going back and forth with a human rep, with the Tasking Dashboard and API, customers can autonomously submit, modify and cancel SkySat imagery requests. This enables visibility into the end-to-end experience, from order to fulfillment, so expectations can be managed with analysts and teams.
Rapid Revisit: Up to 12x revisit capabilities. While Planet leads the market with guaranteed sub-daily revisit, the upcoming launch of six new SkySats will allow Planet to image certain locations up to 12 times per day and a global average of 7 times per day. This unprecedented capability will provide more rapid response to global events and enable imaging at times of the day previously unseen by satellites.
Planet continues to apply an agile aerospace approach to their SkySat offerings to support their growing customer base, from federal and civil governments, commercial forestry, energy and more. These product advances are key components of our overall mission to democratize access to satellite imagery, providing critical intelligence to customers and organizations when they need it most. (Source: PR Newswire)
05 Jun 20. Special Operations Command is diving into space. The need for U.S. Special Operations Command to rely on existing space-based capabilities while developing its own has increased in recent years, especially as SOCOM expands its focus from the counter-terrorist fight to a near-peer competition, an organization leader said recently.
“We’ll be learning a lot over the next couple years with how we are going to partner with the Space Force, Air Force and other services who are doing things in space,” Special Reconnaissance Program Executive Officer David Breede said at the virtual Special Operations Forces Industry Conference May 12. “We are now delving into space-based capabilities.”
SOCOM’s space efforts run the gamut from leveraging existing capabilities from other services to developing its own cubesats and hosted payloads to put on orbit.
The command’s increased attention on space is part of a broader effort across the Department of Defense. In 2019, the department began a significant reorganization to focus more on space, standing up the Space Development Agency, reestablishing U.S. Space Command, and forming the U.S. Space Force. As those organizations continue to develop over the next few years, SOCOM will determine where they fit into the broader DoD efforts in space.
“We’re still working with the command and trying to define and figure out what’s that niche for SOF-peculiar space,” Breede said. “There are very SOF-peculiar requirements that we can address through space-based capabilities. As much as possible, like with every other program we have, we’ll want to leverage our partners across the services and across the agencies for those capabilities that they can provide.”
“There are some fantastic capabilities that are already in space that we should, could and sometimes do leverage. Now it’s a matter of finding those gaps and seams that are not currently being addressed that are peculiar to SOF requirements and that our service partners and our agency partners are not going to address,” said Breede.
He added that developing and demonstrating special reconnaissance, space-based payloads was one of his top three priorities.
“That area is really key for us to pull back from where we traditionally had operators on the ground, had a physical presence in proximity to those sensors, and pulling back and being able to do things like data exfiltration, the remote command and control of sensors, of doing RF survey from a soft cube payload,” said Breede. “We are playing in the area of an organic small cubesat capability that will be (designed, built and owned) by SOCOM. We’re seeing how that applies to addressing future capabilities.”
Breede said his office was talking to Space Force about partnering for guaranteed rideshares into orbit for SOCOM payloads.
SOCOM is also considering hosted payloads on other government satellites. For example, the command is working with the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency on hosted payloads for Blackjack, an effort to demonstrate the military utility of a proliferated constellation of small satellites based in low earth orbit.
Beyond Blackjack, SOCOM also wants to place their payloads in proliferated commercial LEO constellations, such as Starlink or OneWeb, which have hundreds of small satellites already on orbit.
“We’ve actually had some talks with some other satellite providers about how much interest there may be for hosting payloads among their very large LEO constellations,” Breede said.
“It’s an area to exploit,” he continued. “I think commercial satellite capability, in and of itself, without a hosted payload, is an area to exploit. It’s pretty amazing the capabilities that are being put up now by commercial entities that you never would have seen in years prior. Space was really the domain of big government, well-funded government programs, and now you’re seeing commercial exploitation of space take off.” (Source: C4ISR & Networks)
05 Jun 20. Space Development Agency Works Closely With Army, Its Biggest Customer. With the 2019 creation of the Space Force, U.S. Space Command and the Space Development Agency, the Defense Department has a lot riding on space. But the agency’s big focus now is on taking care of its biggest customer — the Army — the Space Development Agency’s director said.
“The largest user of national security space is the Army,” Derek Tournear said during a June 4 teleconference hosted by the Aviation Week media company. “We view the Army as our closest partner. They’re the ones, actually, that I work with most closely every day.”
Tournear said his agency is responsible for orchestrating development of the whole national defense space architecture, which eventually will include a “mesh network” of hundreds of optically interconnected satellites in orbit that make up its “transport” layer.
“That layer is what communicates directly with weapon system via the tactical data link,” he explained. “It also receives data from other sensing layers that are able to do those other missions.”
The architecture involves six additional layers, he said: tracking, custody, deterrence, navigation, battle management and support layers. Tournear said the SDA’s efforts in developing the national space defense architecture is focused on two priorities that are meant to provide space-based capabilities to the warfighter.
“The first one is beyond line-of-sight targeting for mobile targets — for time sensitive targets,” he said.
There, he said, the agency wants to find ground and maritime targets that are moving, detect them, fuse data together, create a fire control solution and then give that fire control solution directly from space to a weapon system.
“We would use Link-16 as our tactical data link to be able to do that,” he said. “So you detect it, fuse data, send that data fire control solution directly down, all on orbit.”
The second priority is to do something similar to the first priority, but with advanced missile threats.
“These are your hypersonic glide vehicles or any kind of next-generation advanced missiles,” he said. “We would want to be able to detect that, come up with a fire controls track that we could send down directly to a weapon system to be able to engage on remote that way.”
The Army will be a big beneficiary of the SDA’s efforts, Tournear said.
“The Army has their Titan program,” he said. “At the brigade level, they want to be able to have a ground system that can communicate with satellites to be able to get mission data directly down from those satellites to help them do what we’re calling the custody mission, that beyond-line-of-sight targeting.”
The SDA is working closely with the Army to make sure the Titan system will work well with whatever the SDA develops as part of the national defense space architecture, Tournear said.
“We will use that system, that box, to be able to get our data from transport down there, down to Titan, so then Titan can rebroadcast that out via UHF or whatever other means they would like to be able to get it directly to the front line,” he said. “Our main way that we’re going to get the data from our transport satellites to weapon systems is via this Link-16 … link.”
While not all weapons systems have Link-16, he said, Titan will be able to receive data from the SDA’s mesh network of satellites and then send it out to anybody who needs it, Tournear said.
“Titan can rebroadcast that out to actually the edge of the sphere — folks that just might have a UHF or an HF [high frequency] radio, something like that,” he said. We’re working very closely with them to ensure that the Titan plugs and plays directly with our transport satellites.”
He also said the agency is working closely with the Navy to ensure similar kinds of compatibility when SDA’s satellite network comes online.
“They have some programs that are doing similar things,” he said. “But really, the Army is the one leading the charge on that.”
Tournear also said one aspect of development for the national defense space architecture is to not have to have users make use of special terminals to get access to what the system provides. Instead, he said, the system should work with the gear warfighters are already using.
“User terminals are always a long pole, and typically they cause a lot more cost than what people really focus on,” Tournear said. “Our plan is to never require any special user terminals. In fact, our plan is and has always been [that] the baseline is to get our data down via existing tactical data links … I want to be able to get our data down and the community’s data that is provided to transport, directly to systems that are already fielded with no modification.” (Source: US DoD)
05 Jun 20. Northrop Grumman Corporation (NYSE: NOC) has been awarded a contract by NASA to execute the preliminary design and development of the Habitation and Logistics Outpost (HALO). It is to be deployed in lunar orbit as the first crew module of the NASA Gateway, a space station orbiting the moon providing vital support for long-term human exploration of the lunar surface and deep space. This award is a follow-on to the Next Space Technologies for Exploration Partnerships 2 (NextSTEP-2) Appendix A contract. A subsequent modification will be definitized for the fabrication, assembly, and delivery of the HALO module.
The HALO design is derived from Northrop Grumman’s highly successful Cygnus spacecraft, a human-capable vehicle that delivers supplies, spare equipment and scientific experiments to the International Space Station with 13 successful missions to date.
“The success of our Cygnus spacecraft and its active production line helps to enable Northrop Grumman to deliver the HALO module,” said Steve Krein, vice president, civil and commercial satellites, Northrop Grumman. “HALO is an essential element in NASA’s long-term exploration of deep-space, and our HALO program team will continue its work in building and delivering this module in partnership with NASA.”
Building off of Cygnus’ heritage pressurized cargo module, Northrop Grumman added command and control capabilities, including environmental control and life support systems, which, when coupled with NASA’s Orion spacecraft capabilities, can sustain up to four astronauts for up to 30 days as they embark on, and return from, expeditions to the lunar surface. By leveraging the active Cygnus production line, Northrop Grumman has the unique capability of providing an affordable and reliable HALO module in the timeframe needed to support NASA’s Artemis program.
The HALO module represents a critical component of NASA’s Gateway serving as both a crew habitat and docking hub for cislunar spacecraft, or spacecraft that navigate between the Earth and the moon. HALO will feature three docking ports for visiting spacecraft, including the Orion spacecraft and other lunar support vehicles.
From the first lunar lander to the space shuttle boosters, to supplying the International Space Station with vital cargo, Northrop Grumman has pioneered new products and ideas that have been put into orbit, on the moon, and in deep space for more than 50 years. As a part of NASA’s Artemis program, we are building on our mission heritage with new innovations to enable NASA to return humans to the moon, with the ultimate goal of human exploration of Mars.
At Viasat, we’re driven to connect every warfighter, platform, and node on the battlefield. As a global communications company, we power millions of fast, resilient connections for military forces around the world – connections that have the capacity to revolutionize the mission – in the air, on the ground, and at sea. Our customers depend on us for connectivity that brings greater operational capabilities, whether we’re securing the U.S. Government’s networks, delivering satellite and wireless communications to the remote edges of the battlefield, or providing senior leaders with the ability to perform mission-critical communications while in flight. We’re a team of fearless innovators, driven to redefine what’s possible. And we’re not done – we’re just beginning.