Sponsored by Blighter Surveillance Systems
30 Oct 20. The Pentagon is building a school to teach the force how to defeat drones. The Pentagon has identified a lack of institutionalized training when it comes to defeating drone threats and is developing a common regimen across the joint force, according to an official with a new office dedicated to countering small unmanned aircraft systems.
The gap was identified during an assessment completed earlier this year and led by the director of operational test and evaluation.
“There are currently no joint linkages or commonality to counter-UAS training across the department,” said Lt. Col. David Morgan, who is with the Joint Counter-Small Unmanned Aircraft Systems Office’s requirements and capabilities division, said during an Oct. 30 C-sUAS capability virtual industry open house.
“Every service is executing service-specific training. The average soldier, airman or Marine lacks adequate counter-UAS training. It’s not fully embedded in the [program of instruction] from basic training onward,” he said, adding that training is often completed downrange without sustainment or reinforcement efforts.
Creating a training element toward countering small drones is one part of the Pentagon’s larger effort to develop enduring C-sUAS capabilities that keep pace with the evolution of UAV threats. The Joint Counter-Small Unmanned Aircraft Systems Office, or JCO, was stood up earlier this year and has already selected interim systems to fill the gap while it develops capabilities for future threats.
The office has also developed a new joint C-sUAS strategy. The JCO took insights gathered from the DOT&E assessment and is developing a joint institutional training concept with “a fourfold vision,” Morgan said.
The office will develop a “common core C-UAS program of instruction,” publish joint tactics, techniques and procedures, and update existing doctrine to refine and improve educational baselines across the force, according to Morgan. The program will also create basic identification and employment principals for all counter-drone systems at every level of the joint training enterprise.
Troops will receive more training opportunities to gain an advanced understanding of the joint command-and-control architectures in the employment guidelines as well as the tactics, techniques and procedures.
The concept will also identify, on a quarterly and semiannual basis, lessons learned and distribute those to the joint war fighters, Morgan said.
The JCO plans to establish a C-sUAS academy at Fort Sill, Oklahoma, that will use instruction previously developed at Yuma Proving Ground, Arizona, while establishing a new core, joint C-SUAS program of instruction.
The academy is intended to provide basic-level instruction to every joint war fighter and begin the process of codifying “the doctrinal and training underpinnings” to improve countering UAS, Morgan said.
The new schoolhouse is already embarking on several initiatives to develop a tiered educational construct and expects to reach initial operational capability in the early part of fiscal 2024, Morgan said. The academy will reach full operational capability in FY25.
While the academy takes shape, the JCO will continue to use Yuma Proving Ground under the oversight of the Fires Center of Excellence to bridge the training strategy.
The JCO is updating the current program of instruction efforts at Yuma that address the lessons learned and feedback from those who have completed the course there and from downrange, Morgan said. The update course will include more hands-on instruction with the interim counter-drone capabilities. (Source: Defense News)
27 Oct 20. Dutch Army Tests Smart Shooter’s SMASH solution. The SMASH solution was tested in a live-fire c-UAS trial and proved to be very effective. The Dutch Army has recently completed a live-fire counter-drone trial using Smart Shooter’s SMASH Fire Control System. Soldiers from all branches of the Dutch army, including the Air Force, Special Forces, and Marines, attended the trial, which was done in close co-operation with Smart Shooter Dutch Partner, TBM bv.
The trial took place at the site of the knowledge center for weapons and ammunition in ‘t Harde. Most of the soldiers were introduced to the system for the first time the morning of the trial, and used it on a Colt 5,56 assault rifle to shoot down different kinds of drones from up to 150 meters.
The test was successful, and the system proved to be very effective as all targets were shot down and eliminated.
SMASH is a combat-proven Fire Control solution for small arms that ensures each round finds its target. With a unique “One Shot – One Hit” capability, SMASH allows the operator to quickly and effectively neutralize any ground or airborne target, manned or unmanned. It is a cost-effective solution that can be integrated onto any type of assault rifle and combined with other C-UAS systems, to provide an effective multi-layer defense solution suitable for the modern battlefield.
Michal Mor, SMART SHOOTER CEO: “We are honored that the Dutch Army has decided to let its soldiers test and experiment with our systems, and are confident that the SMASH Fire Control System is an ideal hard-kill solution against the growing worldwide threat of UASs. Smart Shooter’s SMASH systems are already in operational use by different defense forces, providing great results against ground, aerial, static or moving targets, and increasing the accuracy and lethality of small arms”.
28 Oct 20. Euronaval Show News – Teeth of the Hydra. CerbAir’s Hydra CUAV system has recently undergone evaluations with the French Navy as a potential mechanism to protect ships against micro and mini UAVs. This year’s Euronaval exhibition is taking place online. The event, which normally happens in Paris, is being presented digitally because of the ongoing Covid-19 pandemic.
During the exhibition CERBAIR revealed that the company concluded experiments with the Marine Nationale (French Navy) this June to demonstrate that its Counter-Uninhabited Aerial Vehicles (CUAV) systems protect naval vessels against micro and mini drons. Such aircraft can be difficult to detect because of their small size, yet they can pose a danger by collecting imagery intelligence and even be used to deliver explosives.
At the heart of CerbAir’s CUAV approach is the detection of the Radio Frequency (RF) signals connecting a UAV and its Ground Control Station (GCS) to one another. UAVs typically use frequencies of 2.4 gigahertz/GHz and 5.8GHz to connect the aircraft to the GCS. The aircraft will also receive GNSS (Global Navigation Satellite Signal) transmissions across avebands of 1.1GHz to 1.6GHz and use RF to share imagery via the aircraft’s data links.
The company’s Hydra electronic support measure will detect the UAV’s RF signals and pinpoint its location by using a telescopic mast. This information is displayed on a laptop or a computer screen.
Hydra can be used in fixed, mobile, portable and embarked configurations. The aircraft is then engaged using an electronic countermeasure to jam these RF links. During the French Navy tests KEAS supplied the jammer to attack the RF links. The company manufactures UAV jammers covering frequencies of 433 megahertz/MHz to 5.8 gigahertz with power outputs between 15 watts/W and 50W. The wavebands covered by the jammer are significant as frequencies of 433MHz to 435MHz, 860MHz and 915MHz are increasingly used by some insurgent groups in a bid to outflank current CUAV jamming capabilities. (Source: Armada)
28 Oct 20. BAE Systems Unveils High-Definition Uncooled Thermal Sensor. BAE Systems has unveiled its full high-definition thermal camera core, Athena 1920, which combines exceptional infrared image clarity with a wide field of view. The compact, light, and low-power thermal camera core delivers superior imagery and uncompromising performance, and is ideal for long-range and demanding applications, including security, surveillance, and targeting systems.
“Our thermal core enables a new class of sensing systems for everything from aerial reconnaissance to perimeter security to asset monitoring,” said Robyn Decker, director of Lexington Business Center and Sensor Solutions at BAE Systems. “We put more pixels on the target, giving end users the situational awareness they need to make critical decisions.”
The Athena 1920 features a 1920 x 1200 vanadium oxide (VOx) uncooled microbolometer pixel array that builds on the company’s industry-leading 12-micron (µm) pixel technology. The camera’s 60Hz frame rate delivers exceptional clarity and minimizes motion blur in dynamic scenes, providing unparalleled detail of complex environments. The high-definition sensor offers nearly eight times the field of view of traditional camera cores, and with its small size (51x40x21 mm) and light weight (70 grams), is suited for high-performance applications where size, weight, power, and cost are important factors.
The Athena 1920 camera core is manufactured at the company’s state-of-the-art sensor facility in Lexington, Massachusetts, which enables high-quality camera core production at scale. (Source: BUSINESS WIRE)
27 Oct 20. Qatar First to Acquire Anti-Drone System from Turkish Firm. A southern Turkey-based defense industry firm that has been producing anti-drone systems for Turkish security forces, including an early warning system to address the several threats by Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV), has exported its local systems to Qatar and Albania, Daily Sabah reported.
National War Technologies Defense Systems Inc., based in southern Antalya province, has been working on anti-drone projects for some 25 years.
The two countries became the first ones purchasing the company’s product from abroad, while company officials said there are negotiations ongoing with other countries in line with the permits given by the National Defense Industry.
Bekir Yalçın, Research and Development (R&D) coordinator of the firm, told Anadolu Agency (AA) Wednesday that the company was producing jammers and started to manufacture anti-drone systems in line with the demands of the Turkish Armed Forces (TSK).
The systems were mainly aimed at being used against drones carrying drugs, bombs or other kinds of prohibited substances with the purpose of creating terror, especially in crowded areas where using armed weapons is undesirable to stop aerial vehicles.
Yalçın said that their product named “IHAMAX” which was exported to the two countries in question was designed against drone threats and is superior to its peers in many fields. The 3 to 4-kilogram (6.6 to 8.8-pound) portable device provides linear and circular protection.
The circular protection particularly allows effective solutions against herd drone threats.
IHAMAX is effective up to 2 kilometers (1.24 miles) away, depending on the geographical conditions and its connection with the command center. (Source: Al Defaiya)
26 Oct 20. Pakistani Navy confirms Brazilian jetliner will replace Orion patrol aircraft. Pakistan’s Navy has selected the Embraer Lineage 1000 jetliner to replace its P-3C Orion long-range maritime patrol aircraft, a service spokesman has confirmed to Defense News.
Outgoing naval chief Adm. Adm. Zafar Mahmood Abbasi announced Oct. 6 that the Navy would replace its P-3C Orion fleet with 10 converted commercial jets, the first of which has been ordered. However, he did not identify the type.
The Ministry of Defence Production, which handles acquisition, did not return requests for comment regarding the conversion and possible partners.
With only a single aircraft ordered thus far, the program is in its early stages. When converted for Pakistani service, the aircraft will be called Sea Sultan.
It is unclear if the aircraft is being acquired directly from the manufacturer or another party. Embraer did not respond to requests for comment.
The question of what issues may arise in converting the aircraft was put to Douglas Barrie, an aerospace analyst at the International Institute for Strategic Studies:
“Using a commercial turbofan engine-powered aircraft as the basis for an ASW [anti-submarine warfare] platform is not unheard of. After all, the U.S. P-8 is a Boeing 737-800 derivative,” he said.
But there are challenges in converting the aircraft, he added, “not least of all if internal weapons carriage is required where a bomb bay will need to be cut into the airframe.”
“[It is a] significant undertaking, and risk management is going to be important,” he said, adding that it’s likely Embraer will be asked to help with the conversion, “otherwise the challenges just get all the greater.”
Frederico Lemos, Embraer’s defense representative who handles business in Asia, did not respond to Defense News’ questions about whether the company is or would be involved in the conversion process. (Source: Defense News)
26 Oct 20. Chess Dynamics, the leading British surveillance, tracking and gunfire control specialist has today announced the signing of a partnership agreement with Sydney-based SME Owen International Pty Ltd. The partnership sees the establishment of an Australian supply and support facility for Chess’ Sea Eagle family of Fire Control Electro Optical (FCEO) systems.
The agreement will involve the transfer of IP and training of Australian personnel to be able to commission, repair and upgrade Chess systems and continue development of domestic support capabilities. It formalises the association of the two companies, which began four years ago and grew substantially with the selection of the Type 26 for the Hunter Class programme in 2018, where Chess’ Sea Eagle systems will be integrated.
Owen International has established a regional capability to undertake maintenance, repair and overhaul tasks on Electro-Optical Gun Fire Control Systems from Chess Dynamics as well as on Visual Landing Aid systems already in service across multiple Royal Australian Navy ship classes.
Martin Read, Naval and Security Systems sales manager at Chess Dynamics, said: “We’re delighted to have signed this partnership agreement with Owen International. This ensures that our Australian Sea Eagle customers will receive a responsive and flexible support service, and it will give additional confidence in the ongoing performance of our world-leading systems.
‘The partnership will also enable us to meet the future needs of the Australian Navy, support Australian industrial capability, and boost the defence SME sector and its supply chains.”
26 Oct 20. Italy to develop G550-based C4ISTAR aircraft. Italy is to acquire a Gulfstream G550-based special mission aircraft under plans revealed in the country’s latest multiyear planning document (Documento Programmatico Pluriennale: DPP) for 2022–22.
The DPP released on 23 October disclosed that the C4ISTAR aircraft will be developed over a series of tranches from 2021 through to 2032.
“The programme relates to a multimission system, based on Gulfstream G550 aerial platform equipped with modern sensors for strategic information collection and electronic superiority, suitable for integration into a net-centric architecture of C4ISTAR for real-time sharing of information, able to operate both in an autonomous context [and as part] of a complex inter-force structure,” the DPP noted.
In terms of the programme structure, the new C4ISTAR platform is to be allocated a total of EUR1.223bn (USD1.45bn) in funding out to 2032, to include operational support and related infrastructure. Further funding will be allocated after this date for upgrades to keep the aircraft current with the latest technologies.
According to the DPP, international co-operation agreements for the platform’s development are already in place and in progress, though no further details were disclosed. A ministerial decree pertaining to the programme is currently being approved ahead of its publication. (Source: Jane’s)
26 Oct 20. FLIR releases Star SAFIRE 380X imaging gimbal upgrade. FLIR in mid-2020 released its 380X hardware, firmware, and software upgrade for its family of Star SAFIRE 380 gimbal systems. The 380X features enhancements such as artificial intelligence (AI), augmented reality, multi-tile image display, and moving target indicators (MTIs). Troy Boonstra, FLIR vice president for product management sensor systems, told reporters on 22 October that the company wanted to add capability to the system without touching the payload.
FLIR, he said, added processing while only adding roughly 0.5-0.7 kg to the total system weight. The typical Star SAFIRE system, Boonstra said, weighs between 27 kg for a compact system and roughly 49 kg for a laser designating platform. Boonstra said not adding weight to airborne gimbals is important because a user can use that tradeoff for battery or fuel.
The 380X can be used for applications including intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (ISR), synthetic aperture radar (SAR), border patrol, maritime patrol, force protection, and forward observation.
The 380X’s integrated moving map not only allows a user to see a map database, such as roads, but it can also import battlefield graphics such as phase lines, friendly locations, no-fire areas, hospitals, and NATO symbols.
The MTI capability on the 380X allows a user to put a box around a target that he or she cares about. Boonstra said this helps a user separate what is important in battlefield clutter from what is not. (Source: Jane’s)
23 Oct 20. OpenWorks demonstrates SkyWall counter drone technology in Italy. During an exercise with the US Army in Italy, OpenWorks Engineering showed that new operators can capture drones using SkyWall Patrol after minimal training, says the manufacturer.
According to a LinkedIn post, OpenWorks has been supplying SkyWall technology to US defence and security authorities since 2016 and is proud to have recently trained USARAF operators in this exercise. SkyWall technology is designed to provide a low-collateral damage defeat system to combat the threats posed by drones when operating is non-conflict environments.
For more information visit:
20 Oct 20. DroneSec and DroneALERT partner on threat intelligence sharing and incident case management. Australian drone services company DroneSec has partnered with automated incident reporting company DroneALERT to deliver advanced threat intelligence reporting and case management tools to organisations around the world. As part of its strategic partnership, DroneSec is integrating DroneALERT real-time community reporting and case management into its Notify Threat Intelligence Platform. As part of the partnership, DroneALERT will receive granular incident and threat actor reporting to provide user reports with increased attribution and threat characteristic information. Both organisations will be enabling more accurate reporting of malicious drones to reduce restrictions on drone innovation and adoption.
“Many of our customers use the DroneSec Notify platform to stay aware of the threats around them or cross-reference the data with their counter-drone products. Now, our clients will be able to log their own reports to a framework that can work hand-in-hand with ours, offering a variety of insights and opportunities we did not have previously. DroneALERT has the industry’s most well-known first-responder reporting tool, it follows INTERPOL guidelines and gives us the near real-time reports we need to match with other indicators.” said Mike Monnik, Chief Technology Officer, DroneSec.
The DroneSec Notify platform tracks and monitors drone incidents, threat actors and trends around the world for Ports, Prisons, Law Enforcement and Counter-Drone vendors. With a large database of incident types and characteristics, organisations around the world can measure the threat and configure their systems to match real adversary equipment and techniques. This partnership will keep the focus on defeating rogue, malicious threats whilst allowing the innovation of hobbyist and commercial drones to thrive.
For more information visit:
20 Oct 20. Liteye and partners develop C-UAS simulator. Liteye Systems, Inc., Numerica and AEgis Technologies Group (AEgis) have announced the joint development of a high-fidelity C-UAS (Counter-Unmanned Aircraft Systems) Modeling, Simulation and Training system, the Liteye C-UAS Simulator. According to a company press release:
“The team identified an industry need to enhance the traditional hands-on individual and classroom training currently being provided to operators and service representatives for Liteye’s Anti-UAS Defense System (AUDS) across the world. The Liteye C-UAS Simulator incorporates a high-fidelity virtual environment tied to the actual Liteye AUDS Command, Control (C2) and user Interface. The combination of the virtual environment and the operational C2 Interface provide the most advanced realistic simulation and training system available.
“It’s difficult and cost prohibitive to find realistic, full-mission test and training locations within the United States every time a new threat hits the street,” said Zac Neumayr, VP of Field Operations at Liteye. “Our Simulator allows a trained operator to remain proficient and develop new techniques and procedures to successfully defend personnel and critical infrastructure around the world.”
“The technical designs and performance of small UAS are increasing rapidly as is the propensity for them to be used in a malicious and deadly way,” said Ryan Hurt, VP of Business Development at Liteye. “Having the Liteye C-UAS Simulator as a backstop, we can rapidly evaluate the best tactics, techniques, and procedures to counter new threats by adding the threat profile to the simulation and develop the counter-tactics. With the Simulator, Liteye trained operators have the tools they need to develop C-UAS tactics faster than new threats can be developed.”
Liteye’s AUDS disrupts and neutralizes UAS engaged in hostile airborne surveillance and potentially malicious activity against critical infrastructure sites. Combining electronic-scanning radar target detection, electro-optical (EO) tracking and classification, and directional radio frequency (RF) inhibition capability, the AUDS smart-sensor and effector package is capable of remotely detecting and tracking small UAS (sUAS), classifying potential threat, and providing the option to disrupt activity.
AEgis develops custom Virtual Reality (VR) simulators, providing 360° immersive, high-fidelity virtual environments that transform traditional training into a repeatable, lasting experience that enhances end-user’s operational readiness.
For more information
http://www.globenewswire.com/news-release/2020/10/20/2110842/0/en/Liteye-Systems-Launches-the-Virtual-Liteye-C-UAS-Counter-Unmanned-Aircraft-Systems-Simulator.html (Source: www.unmannedairspace.info)
20 Oct 20. UK CAA publishes detect & avoid guidance for non-segregated BVLOS drone flights. Segregated BVLOS, as an annex to the previous document on the fundamentals of BVLOS (CAP1861). According to the CAA Innovation Hub, the new CAP builds on the fundamentals of BVLOS laid out in CAP1861 to focus specifically on the functional requirements of a Detect & Avoid (DAA) solution. It introduces the ‘DAA Ecosystem’ in more detail and then goes on to present the DAA evidence framework. This framework was created for the CAA’s BVLOS sandbox projects in order to help understand and describe how a proposed DAA solution tackles the necessary requirements, and how the Innovator intends to conduct testing against each one. This can be used by anyone looking to understand what is expected from the development and testing of a DAA solution.
This document was produced as part of the CAA’s BVLOS programme and reflects the specific focus of the BVLOS Sandbox on tackling the challenges of operating in non-segregated airspace using DAA. It should be noted that operating BVLOS comes with a vast array of other challenges that also need to be overcome. Therefore, the purpose of this new CAP is to support the policy and guidance set out in CAP722, which should always be the primary reference for UAS operations, notes the CAA.
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20 Oct 20. Fortem Technologies, Mikuni Corporation partnership to provide counter UAS solutions in Japan.
Fortem Technologies has partnered with Mikuni Corporation to provide enhanced security for civilian events as well as for critical infrastructure across Asia. Mikuni is working with Fortem Technologies to help with the seamless operation of exporting numerous security and defense solutions to customers in Japan.
According to a Fortem press release, the company’s SkyDome counter Unmanned Aircraft System (UAS) solution detects and classifies threats and can then mitigate them autonomously with its interceptor drone, the DroneHunter. Fortem SkyDome uses TrueView radar, an AI-enabled networkable radar designed to perform in urban environments as well as the complex terrain throughout Japan.
“We live in a world where basic hobby drones can be easily manipulated to deliver harmful payloads,” said CEO of Fortem Technologies, Timothy Bean. “In Mikuni, Fortem has a partner that will continue to ship the SkyDome System and DroneHunter, specifically designed for the vast urban areas of Japan and other parts of Asia that cause other solutions to fail due to the complexity of the terrain or highly congested environments. We look forward to working together to provide the most advanced airspace security in the world.”
(Image: TrueView radar, Fortem Technologies)
For more information visit:
www.fortemtech.com (Source: www.unmannedairspace.info)
01 Jun 20. Chess Dynamics, leading British surveillance, tracking and gunfire control specialist, today announces the launch of the Piranha LR800 HD Camera. The high definition camera offers enhanced image clarity and target detection accuracy for complex surveillance operations, particularly those across exposed coastal and border environments.
- Significantly enhanced imaging definition across target detection activities
- 40X optical zoom in full colour for exceptional daylight imaging
- Designed to withstand even the toughest operating conditions
With significantly upgraded performance to meet customer demands, the Piranha LR800 will be part of the standard offering across the Chess Hawkeye (Land) and Sigma (Security) ranges, and will be available for use by armies, navies, and commercial customers concerned with enhanced military and surveillance operations.
Graham Beall, Chess Group CEO commented: “Rapidly evolving threats, including those posed by unmanned maritime, land, and air vehicles, present complex surveillance challenges. As such, we have noticed an increased customer demand for enhanced imaging definition across 24-hour surveillance operations, particularly within large, exposed areas at sea or on land.
“The Piranha LR800 HD Camera has been developed in direct response to this demand. The higher definition of the camera delivers a significant operational advantage, providing forces with a far more precise view of a target, and where required, the ability to respond accordingly with greater accuracy. With the capability to integrate within an existing technology setup, or as part of a complete new system, the Piranha LR800 provides a flexible and agile solution for defence and security organisations”, Beall continued.
Increased accuracy through image clarity at longer ranges
Featuring an 40x optical zoom in full colour, the Piranha LR800 HD Camera offers exceptional daylight imaging, which enables target detection activities to identify and classify objects in far greater detail and across a larger area. It also performs well in low light and poor weather conditions.
With a focal length of 20mm-800mm, the minimum object distance from the front lens ranges from 10 metres to infinity (focal length 20-400mm), and 20 metres to infinity (focal length 401-800mm). This is alongside a day/night selection, which can be in either auto or manual mode, enhancing imaging definition across 24-hour surveillance operations.
Designed to withstand the toughest of operating conditions
Heaters and a heated window have been integrated to offer an operational temperature range of -32˚C to +49˚C, as well as being able to withstand 95% relative humidity at +40˚C in salt laden environments.
Facilitating all-weather activities, the cameras are also able to withstand heavy rainfall of up to 100mm per hour and can be fitted with water spray and wiper modules to ensure continued image clarity.
Meeting demands for Land and Security Applications
The Piranha LR800 HD camera has been developed to specifically meet customer demands for enhanced imaging definition across 24-hour surveillance operations.
Integrated with the Chess Hawkeye range, focused upon land-based settings and supporting precise reconnaissance, surveillance, and targeting, the Piranha LR800 HD camera will increase accuracy through image clarity at longer ranges.
Across the Chess Sigma range, the new HD camera will enhance the provision of access to complete, accurate and precise information and advanced long-range real-time video and still images 24/7.
The Piranha LR800 HD camera can be integrated within existing surveillance and tracking systems as part of a performance upgrade. Chess will also continue to produce and support standard definition cameras across land and security applications.
Blighter® Surveillance Systems (BSS) is a UK-based electronic-scanning radar and sensor solution provider delivering an integrated multi-sensor package to systems integrators comprising the Blighter electronic-scanning radars, cameras, thermal imagers, trackers and software solutions. Blighter radars combine patented solid-state Passive Electronic Scanning Array (PESA) technology with advanced Frequency Modulated Continuous Wave (FMCW) and Doppler processing to provide a robust and persistent surveillance capability. Blighter Surveillance Systems is a Plextek Group company, a leading British design house and technology innovator, and is based at Great Chesterford on the outskirts of Cambridge, England.
The Blighter electronic-scanning (e-scan) FMCW Doppler ground surveillance radar (GSR) is a unique patented product that provides robust intruder detection capabilities under the most difficult terrain and weather conditions. With no mechanical moving parts and 100% solid-state design, the Blighter radar family of products are extremely reliable and robust and require no routine maintenance for five years. The Blighter radar can operate over land and water rapidly searching for intruders as small a crawling person, kayaks and even low-flying objects. In its long-range modes the Blighter radar can rapidly scan an area in excess of 3,000 km² to ensure that intruders are detected, identified and intercepted before they reach critical areas.