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ON THIS DAY

11 September 2001: US rocked by day of terror. The United States is in a state of shock after a day of attacks which have left thousands dead and New York’s World Trade Center destroyed. The Pentagon was also severely damaged by one of the three civilian airliners which hijackers turned into flying bombs. A fourth plane crashed in a field near Pittsburgh. A state of emergency has been declared in Washington D.C. and the US has closed its airspace and its borders with Mexico and Canada. American forces are on one of their highest states of alert and the Pentagon has deployed a naval battle group off the country’s east coast to bolster air defences. American Airlines Flight 11 was hijacked at 0825 Eastern Daylight Time (1225 GMT) and 18 minutes later crashed into the north tower of the World Trade Center. United Airlines Flight 175 – which had been hijacked within minutes of the first plane – was flown into the south tower at 0903 EDT (1303 GMT) causing another devastating explosion. The second crash was captured live on news cameras trained on the burning north tower. At 0940 EDT (1340 GMT) a third hijacked airliner – American Airlines Flight 77 – was flown into the side of the Pentagon in Washington. An hour after the Boeing 767 slammed into the south tower of the World Trade Center the 110-storey building collapsed. The north tower followed minutes later, compounding the destruction and loss of life. Witnesses reported seeing people jumping from the towers just before they collapsed. President Bush was reading to pupils at a Florida school when his chief of staff whispered news of the attacks to him. He was flown to the US Strategic Command Centre at Nebraska – where the country’s nuclear weapons are controlled – but is now on his way back to Washington. (Source: BBC)

15 September 1940: Victory for RAF in Battle of Britain. RAF Fighter Command is claiming victory over the Luftwaffe after a day of heavy bombing raids ended in big losses for the enemy. According to the RAF, 176 enemy aircraft were destroyed by fighter planes. At least another nine aircraft were hit by anti-aircraft guns. British casualties were much lighter – only 25 aircraft lost with 13 pilots killed or missing. The Air Ministry says the German losses are the highest since 18 August, five days after the Battle of Britain began in earnest.

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