07 Jan 13. Oman is currently in the middle of a military modernisation phase, with an aim to keep pace with its neighbours such as the UAE and Bahrain. Assisted by oil revenues, the Middle East has been an attractive market for defence suppliers during the past four years and is expected to remain so to 2018. One of the main factors driving the Omani defence budget is the arms race with countries such as Syria, Iraq, and Yemen, combined with a perceived threat from Iran.
To be on par with its neighbours, Oman increased its military budget sharply over the last couple of years to value US$9.3bn in 2013, registering a growth rate of 23.10% since 2009. The sharp rise in the defence budget in 2012-2013 was made possible by increasing oil prices, which generated additional revenue for the government and was directed towards strengthening its defence and security. By 2018 the country’s defence and security expenditure is estimated to grow at a compound annual growth rate CAGR of 6.76% to reach US$13bn by 2018, owing to the procurement of advanced military equipment and regional dynamics. Various deals with the US to get hold of F-16 aircraft, air missile defence systems, and other arms imports have fuelled the growth of the capital budget allocation during 2012 and 2013.
The country is expected to continue to buy advanced weapons in order to achieve its purpose of becoming a substantial military force in the region. Oman is projected to allocate an average of 19.5% of its defence and security budget towards related capital expenditure by 2018. Oman’s defence imports witnessed a decline in 2010 and 2011, but increased sharply in 2012 due to new procurement deals signed during 2011-2012. In the past, Oman has sourced the majority of its defence imports from companies based in the UK, such as BAE Systems. However during 2009, France and the US dominated by fulfilling 61.3% and 31.4% of Oman’s arms imports. Aircraft accounted for more than 75% of Oman’s arms imports during this period. With missiles, armoured vehicles, and air defence systems being other major categories procured from foreign suppliers. Air defence capabilities such as fighter aircraft, surface to air missiles, and radars are expected to be an area of focus for the Omani Ministry of Defence (MoD) during 2018. The government is also expected to focus on protecting its oil maritime trade routes and strengthening its maritime borders with the procurement of patrol vessels and frigates.
Additionally, these procurements can help improve security in the country’s international borders. Oman allows foreign investment in its domestic defence industry but limits it to 49%, which has to be approved by the Ministry of Commerce and Industry. However, Oman does not disclose information about direct offset obligations. But does give preference to companies offering indirect offsets ranging from supply of foods to investment in non-defence sectors in the country. The country maintains strong relations with the UK and US and prefers to buy from the defence suppliers based in these two countries. Dominance of these companies could poses as a barrier for the foreign equipment supplier to enter into the Omani defence market. Lack of skilled labour may also prove to be deterrent for new entrants.
The SDI Report: ‘Future of the Omani Defence Industry – Market Attractiveness, Competitive Landscape and Forecasts to 2018’.