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08 Feb 19. BAE Systems’ Type 26 Global Combat Ship has been chosen as the design for the Canadian Surface Combatant (CSC), with the contract awarded today to Lockheed Martin Canada by Irving Shipbuilding. Irving Shipbuilding is the Canadian Surface Combatant Prime Contractor to the Canadian Government for the build of all 15 ships at its Halifax Shipyard. BAE Systems, CAE, L3 Technologies, MDA and Ultra Electronics have partnered with Lockheed Martin Canada in a successful offering to the Royal Canadian Navy of one of the most advanced and modern anti-submarine warships in the world. The design is based upon the Type 26 Global Combat Ship with GLASGOW, first in class, currently in build for the Royal Navy at BAE Systems’ shipyard in Glasgow, and will be equipped with high-tech platform innovations from prominent Canadian companies.
BAE Systems has been awarded a contract from Lockheed Martin Canada for the design of the Type 26 variant for the Canadian Surface Combatant.
Andrew Wolstenholme, Group Managing Director, BAE Systems Maritime and Land UK, said: “The selection of the Type 26 design for the Canadian Surface Combatant reinforces its position as one of the world’s most advanced anti-submarine warships and showcases the strength of British innovation on the global stage.
“This is great news for the company, the sector and our Naval Ships business and continues to build on our recent success in Australia for the Hunter Class Frigate programme. It provides solid foundations within the export market and demonstrates the excellent design of the Global Combat Ship.”
The programme will benefit from advanced digital design techniques and builds on the Royal Navy’s formidable pedigree in anti-submarine warfare and extensive operational experience. The Type 26 Global Combat Ship is a globally deployable multi-role warship that meets the distinctive mission requirements of the Royal Canadian Navy. Purposely designed to support anti-submarine warfare, air defence and general purpose operations anywhere on the world’s oceans, the ship will be acoustically quiet, versatile and highly survivable.
International Trade Secretary, Dr Liam Fox MP, said: “It is fantastic that the Canadian Government has selected Lockheed Martin Canada, using BAE Systems’ innovative Type 26 Global Combat Ship design. I am aware that this has been a very competitive process, and this outcome is testament to the importance of the deep UK-Canada defence and security relationship. The announcement will bring further prosperity to both nations and is another demonstration of the success of BAE Systems’ Type 26 Global Combat Ship design, after it was recently chosen as the winning design for a contract with the Royal Australian Navy.”
Defence Secretary, Gavin Williamson, said: “Canada’s selection of our cutting-edge Type 26 Global Combat Ship design for their future frigate programme shows that Britain remains a world leader in maritime design and technology. As a valued NATO and Five Eyes partner, Canada’s decision demonstrates our close and historic relationship, and this news will ensure our defence partnership continues to thrive for generations to come.”
08 Feb 19. CSC Home Team Celebrates Canadian Industry Success. Canada’s Combat Ship Team awarded contract for Canadian Surface Combatant. Canadian technology, experience and infrastructure proved a winning combination for Canada’s new fleet of surface combatants, as Canada’s Combat Ship Team has been awarded the Canadian Surface Combatant design contract by Irving Shipbuilding. Irving Shipbuilding is the Canadian Surface Combatant prime contractor and will build all 15 ships at Halifax Shipyard.
BAE Systems, CAE, Lockheed Martin Canada, L3 Technologies, MDA and Ultra Electronics partnered as Canada’s Combat Ship Team to offer the Royal Canadian Navy the most advanced and modern warship design, the Type 26 Global Combat Ship, with high-tech platform innovations from prominent Canadian companies. The solution includes the internationally renowned and Canadian-developed combat management system, CMS 330.
Bringing together a pan-Canadian team, the six companies have a uniquely skilled workforce and supply chain that are ready to begin work on the program today. Canada’s Combat Ship team employs a combined 9,000 Canadians in 40 facilities from coast to coast and engages a Canadian supply chain of more than 4,000 small and medium sized enterprises. The team also secured several additional partners, including Rolls-Royce with its Canadian-designed and manufactured Mission Bay Handling System that will enable adaptability for the ships’ operations.
The Type 26 Global Combat Ship is a globally deployable multi-role warship that meets the distinctive mission requirements of the Royal Canadian Navy. It is enhanced with the team’s collective Canadian naval expertise in combat system design, integration, training, logistics and program management. Purposely designed for high-end anti-submarine warfare and capable of performing a variety of missions around the world, the Type 26 is acoustically quiet, versatile, highly survivable, and allows for significant growth margins for future modernization.
Canada’s Combat Ship Team will deliver lasting economic benefits to Canadian industry through $17bn in value proposition commitments in innovation across Canada’s priority areas, including $2 billion in supplier development, $2bn in research and development, and $200 million in advanced manufacturing.
All of this contributes to a strong Canadian team – Canada’s Home Team – ready to begin work on day one as promised.
07 Feb 19. France says to continue military cooperation with Cameroon. France said on Thursday its defence cooperation with Cameroon was continuing a day after the United States said it was halting some military assistance to the West African country over allegations of human rights violations by its security forces.
“France is bound by a defence partnership agreement that it conducts according to the international standards,” Foreign ministry spokeswoman Agnes von der Muhll said in a daily briefing with reporters.
“In accordance with international humanitarian law and the law of armed conflict, this cooperation is also intended to help Cameroon’s defence and security forces combat terrorism, especially against Boko Haram in the north of the country, while protecting the people. This cooperation continues.”
Cameroon has cooperated closely with the Western states in the fight against Islamist militant group Boko Haram in West and central Africa. But rights groups have accused authorities of using the fight against Boko Haram to crack down on political opponents, and make arbitrary arrests and torture people. Authorities arrested opposition leader Maurice Kamto in January, accusing him of mobilizing dissent against President Paul Biya, who has ruled the country since 1982. Biya has been accused by the opposition and rights groups of cracking down in two Anglophone regions to root out armed separatists vying for independence. A State Department official on Wednesday said the United States’ decision to terminate some military programmes and halt delivery of some equipment was to push Cameroon to show greater transparency in investigating credible allegations of gross violations of human rights security forces. France, which has significant business interests in its former colony and relies on it to fight against Islamist militants, has been careful not to overly criticise the government’s handling of the crisis. It has urged the Cameroonian government to engage in dialogue to stop an escalation in violence. (Source: Reuters)
06 Feb 19. Argentine and Chilean navies deploy ships to Antarctic for joint patrols. The navies of Argentina and Chile deployed ships recently to participate in the Joint Antarctic Naval Patrol (Patrulla Antártica Naval Combinada: PANC) to monitor maritime traffic in Antarctic waters, provide assistance to Antarctic bases, and respond to emergencies in the region. PANC lasts from November to March and is divided into four stages. It has taken place annually since 1998, with the naval forces operating joint patrols despite competing interests in the region. Argentina deployed its ARA Islas Malvinas (A-24), a Neftegaz-type anchor handling vessel, to participate in PANC. The ship has been at sea in the region since 24 December. (Source: IHS Jane’s)
05 Feb 19. Japan to Pursue Locally Developed Next Generation ‘Future Fighter’ Project. The Japanese Ministry of Defense (MoD) confirmed that it has ruled out the development or local production of existing foreign-designed fighter jets to replace its fleet of F-2 multirole fighter aircraft, a Mitsubishi license-produced variant of Lockheed Martin’s F-16, by the 2030s, according to a MoD source.
The source said that the development and production of Japan’s new F-3 stealth fighter jet will be led by the country’s military aircraft industry with the possibility of collaboration with external partners including BAE Systems, Lockheed Martin, Boeing, and Northrop Grumman, Jane’s reports on February 4.
“Our F-2 fighters are expected to retire from the late 2030s,” the MoD spokesperson was quoted as saying on February 1 by Jane’s. “In order to acquire new fighters that are capable of playing a central role in a future networked force … the MoD will promote necessary research and launch, at an early timing, a Japan-led project with the possibility of international collaboration in sight.”
The program is expected to officially kick off this year in line with the Mid-Term Defense Program (MTDP) and the National Defense Program Guidelines (NDPG), which set out Japan Self-Defense Force (JSDF) capability targets over a period of about 10 years. The entire Future Fighter (F-3) Program is anticipated to take about 15 years. (Source: defense-aerospace.com/The Diplomat)
05 Feb 19. Moscow Says New Missile Systems Planned to Counter U.S. by 2021. Russian Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu says Moscow will push to develop two new land-based missile systems before 2021 in response to Washington’s planned exit from a landmark nuclear arms control agreement. The U.S. withdrawal from the Cold War-era Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty came after Washington repeatedly accused Moscow of violating the accord, which bans both countries from stationing short- and intermediate-range land-based missiles in Europe. On February 1, U.S. President Donald Trump said Washington was starting a process to withdraw from the 1987 treaty within six months.
In a tit-for-tat move on February 2, Russian President Vladimir Putin said Moscow was also leaving the treaty and would begin work on new types of weapons that would breach the deal.
At a meeting with defense officials on February 5, Shoigu said Russia should develop two new missile systems during the next two years.
“From February 2, the United States suspended its obligations under the INF treaty,” Shoigu said.
“At the same time, they are actively working to create a land-based missile with a range of more than 500 kilometers which is outside the treaty’s limits,” Shoigu said. “President Putin has given the Defense Ministry the task of taking symmetrical measures.”
Shoigu said during the course of 2020 and 2021, Russia “must develop a land-based version of the sea-based Kalibr system with a long-range cruise missile.”
“In this same time frame, we must create a land-based missile system with a hypersonic long-range missile,” he said.
Washington has not yet commented on Russia’s announcement, but Trump administration officials were quoted as saying last week that there were no immediate plans to test or deploy missiles banned under the INF Treaty. The bilateral treaty, the first of its kind to eliminate an entire class of missiles, was widely seen as a cornerstone of arms-control stability in Europe and elsewhere. Washington and NATO have accused Russia of breaching the accord by developing the 9M729 cruise missile, also known as the SSC-8. Moscow has denied that the missile was violating the treaty and accused the United States in turn of wanting to abandon the pact so it can start a new arms race.
U.S. disarmament ambassador Robert Wood told a UN-sponsored Conference on Disarmament in Geneva on February 5 that the United States would reconsider its withdrawal from the INF treaty “should Russia return to full and verifiable compliance. This is Russia’s final opportunity to return to compliance.” (Source: defense-aerospace.com/Radio Free Europe/ Radio Liberty)
06 Feb 19. Saudi Arabia and Qatar Tensions Drive Defence Export Growth, Reveals Report from Jane’s by IHS Markit. The wholesale re-armament of Qatar in the midst of growing regional tensions caused a dramatic shift in the global defence trade market, according to the 2018 Global Defence Trade Report, released today by Jane’s by IHS Markit, the global business information provider (Nasdaq: INFO). The annual report highlights a 3.8 percent compound annual growth rate in total exports since 2009 across 2018.
”Regional tensions in the Middle East continue to drive growth in the global defence markets as we see armament projects take hold,” said Ben Moores, senior defence and aviation analyst at Jane’s by IHS Markit. “We are also seeing that regional imports from East Asia – especially Taiwan, South Korea and Japan – jumped by 50% over the past decade from USD10.6bn in 2009 to USD16.2 bn in 2018.”
Key highlights from the Balance of Trade study:
Qatari re-armament causes defence import market to leap to ninth position globally after only entering the top 20 importer list in 2016. France set to overtake Russia as second largest global exporter in 2020, with annual exports due to total USD7 bn. The Middle East defence market reaches USD27.4 bn, up from USD26.8 bn in 2017 and up from USD14.2 bn in 2009. East Asia becomes fastest growing export market globally, jumping by 50% over the past decade from USD 1.1 bn in 2009 to USD 2.9 bn in 2018. UK now set to become a minor player in the global defence export market from 2024 due to planning and investment failures in its domestic defence industry.
Qatari rearmament causes leap to eighth position as tensions with Saudi grow
Sitting outside the top 20 global markets for defence imports since at least 2009, the Qatari defence market has now jumped to eighth place in 2018.
“Despite having a population of 2.6 million people, Qatar has the fourth largest import backlog over the coming decade and will be the third largest importer globally for most of the coming couple of years,” Moores said. “The acceleration of a wholesale re-armament of Qatar has been primarily driven by its political disputes with Saudi Arabia, combined with regional instability.”
The Qatari defence market has traditionally sat outside the top 20 global markets for imports but jumped to ninth place in 2017 and eighth place in 2018. Qatar imported USD 2.6bn in 2018 (against USD 700m in 2009) and has a ten-year order backlog of USD 28bn.
Middle East remains biggest defence importer since 2003, accounting for one third of global defence trade
The Middle East import defence market was worth around USD27.4bn in 2018, just under one third of the global defence trade market, with US companies accounting for half of all defence exports to the region.
“Continuing the trend that started in 2009, countries in the Middle East are importing more than ever – this trend shows no sign of slowing down,” Moores said. “With imports of USD 27.4bn, the region imported more than Western Europe and Central and Western Asia combined (at USD23.8bn).”
In 2009, Saudi Arabia imported USD2 bn in defence equipment. In 2018, that number quadrupled to USD7.7bn and is forecast to reach USD10bn in 2019. In comparison, India, the next largest importer, only imported USD4.7bn in 2018.
After half a century, France set to overtake Russia and claim position as second largest global exporter
France is set to eclipse Russia as it reaches USD7bn in annual exports and climbs to become the second largest global exporter of arms by 2020.
“Exports of the Rafale fighter aircraft to India and Qatar are the primary reason for the expansion, but wider continued success in exports to the Middle East as well as wider helicopter exports have driven this spectacular market shift,” Moores said.
The US remains the largest exporter with USD32.7 bn defence exports in 2018 and a substantial ten-year order backlog of USD280bn primarily driven by the F-35 programme and key allies rearming.
East Asia triples exports to become fastest growing market globally
East Asia is increasingly becoming an important global exporter, tripling its exports over the past decade to USD2.9 bn in 2018. Simultaneously, the region has also increased its imports by 50% over the past decade to reach USD16.2 bn in 2018.
“The East Asia region has an order backlog of USD108bn out of a global order backlog of USD621bn. This makes East Asia the fastest growing defence export market globally and the second most important market after MENA,” Moores said. “The export growth has been led by China and South Korea who have penetrated a number of higher end market areas such as military aviation.”
United Kingdom increasingly reliant on defence imports
As the UK moves away from its domestic defence manufacturing industrial base, it is becoming an increasingly more important market for exporters. The UK is set to become the fifth largest market for defence imports, despite being traditionally outside the top 10 importers.
“Current UK defence industrial policy is to acquire capability at the lowest possible cost, often regardless of potential domestic partnership or offset work. This policy led to the end of the vehicle industry over the past decade and is now set to see the UK’s aviation sector lose large segments through lack of domestic offset from foreign manufacturers. Brexit will accelerate this trend,” Moores said.
* All figures in constant USD
About the Global Defence Trade Report
The Global Defence Trade report examines trends in the global defence market across 65 countries. The report was created using over 40,000 programs in the IHS Markit Aerospace, Defence & Security Markets Forecast database, a publicly sourced global forecasting tool that tracks current and future programs from the bottom up, looking at deliveries and funds released to industry rather than budgets. The study covers production, R&D, logistic support and service revenues where there is an export.
The entire market is covered within the database except for munitions and small arms, however within this study anything under 58mm calibre has not been included. The study only tracked programs with a primarily military function, removing homeland security and intelligence programs. Constant US dollars are used as the study’s base. (Source: Google/https://apnews.com)
06 Feb 19. Russia will exit INF nuclear pact in six months – Ifax. Russia will exit the Intermediate-range Nuclear Forces (INF) treaty in six months as part of a symmetrical response to the United States’ pullout, the Interfax news agency cited Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov as saying on Wednesday. President Vladimir Putin said at the weekend that Russia had suspended the Cold War-era pact after Washington announced it would withdraw in six months unless Moscow ends what it says are violations of the 1987 pact. Moscow denies it is violating the pact. (Source: Reuters)
05 Feb 19. India’s new defense budget falls way short for modernization plans. India’s defense budget for 2019 included a marginal 6.87 percent bump to $49.68bn, which is unlikely to meet modernization demands or ‘Make in India’ manufacturing increases. Out of the total allocation, $16.91bn has been set aside to buy new weapons and other military hardware, compared to $14.68bn in the previous financial year. But not accounted for are the liabilities, say some defense analysts, which could chip away at available funds.
“As of now, one doesn’t know about the extent of committed liabilities to be able to say how much money will be available for new purchases,” said Amit Cowshish, former financial advisor for the Ministry of Defence acquisition. “But it can be said with reasonable certainty that the allocation must be much less than the requirement projected by the ministry. That being the case, the ministry will have to make do with whatever money they have got, just the way they have been managing in the past.”
India’s defence budget is more than five times that of Pakistan, pegged at $9.6bn — barely enough to maintain its basic operational capability.
Presenting the interim budget for 2019-20 in parliament, Union Minister for Finance and Corporate Affairs Piyush Goyal said additional funds, if necessary, would be provided to secure India’s borders and maintain its defense preparedness. Under capital outlay, the Army was granted $4.60bn and the Navy granted $3.61bn — both nearly flat compared to the year before. The Indian Air Force was allocated $6.14bn, compared to $5.58bn in the previous year. One MoD official said the majority of funds will go towards past committed liabilities for Rafale fighters, S-400 missile systems, warships and helicopters. Still, the fact that the budget saw an increase is noteworthy to some.
“The allocation for defense, which for the first time has crossed the $49bn threshold is encouraging,” said Baba Kalyani, chairman of leading private sector defense enterprise Bharat Forge Ltd. In terms of manufacturing, “we hope that ‘Make in India’ will result in a greater role for the private industry in this critical sector of the country’s economy.”
Cowshish is less encouraged, seeing very few noteworthy programs on the horizon.
“It doesn’t seem likely that many big contracts for fighters, helicopters, submarines, etc. will get concluded in the coming year,” he said. “This is not because of paucity of funds but on account of the fact that none of these procurement proposals are likely to reach anywhere near the contract conclusion stage any time soon.“ (Source: Defense News)
05 Feb 19. US offers Niger operations centre to fight Boko Haram. The US turned over a communications and operations centre to the Niger army on Monday to help the African nation battle Boko Haram. The planning and operations control centre, worth $16.5m, is designed to help Niger forces sychronise its operations through improved communications, US Ambassador Eric Whitaker said during the handover ceremony. Niger has taken on an important geostrategic role in the US fight against Islamist extremist groups in Africa, and the centre known as a C2 Node comprises two tactical operations units equipped with sophisticated communications material. It aims to ‘streamline pertinent battlefield information to commanders, so that they can best employ their forces,’ a copy of Whitaker’s remarks said.
The US has already provided Niger with Cessna C-208 surveillance planes, armoured personnel vehicles and small craft known as mud boats, along with other equipment and training.
‘We believe all these capabilities are critical to helping Niger defeat Boko Haram and other terrorist organisations,’ Whitaker said.
The US also operates an aerial drone base in Agadez that provides surveillance of Boko Haram units and others allied with Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb that operate along borders with Libya, Mali and Nigeria. Niamey has also given the US permission to base armed drones on its soil. (Source: Shephard)
05 Feb 19. Russia must develop new missile types in next two years states defence minister. Russia’s defence minister Sergei Shoigu on 5 February said the country must develop new types of missile systems in the next two years, after Washington and Moscow both withdrew from the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) agreement. The United States has repeatedly accused Russia of violating the INF agreement and on 1 February President Donald Trump said Washington was starting the process of withdrawing from the treaty in six months.
In a tit-for-tat move on 2 February, Russian President Vladimir Putin said Moscow was also leaving the treaty and beginning to work on new types of weapons that would breach the Cold War-era agreement.
Many analysts say abandoning the 1987 treaty could effectively signal the start of a new arms race.
At a meeting with officials on 5 February, Shoigu said Russia should develop two new missile systems in the next two years.
‘During 2019-2020 we have to develop a land-based version of the seaborne Kalibr system equipped with a long-range cruise missile which showed good results in Syria,’ Shoigu told defence officials. ‘Over the same period we will also have to create a land-based missile system with a long-range hypersonic missile.’
The defence minister said the plans had been approved by Putin.
The INF agreement forbids ground-launched, short- and intermediate-range missiles, but not those launched from the air or sea. Defence experts say converting seaborne and air-launched missile systems for ground use will be advantageous for Russia since producing such missiles will be cheaper and quicker.
‘The use of seaborne and air-launched missiles will allow us to significantly reduce the time needed to produce the new missiles as well as financing for them,’ Shoigu said. He also tasked defence officials with extending the maximum range of ground-based missiles ‘that are being developed today.’
Defence experts say because ground-based intermediate-range missiles are cheaper, Russia could theoretically place more of them within range of European targets. Speaking to Shoigu on 2 February, Putin said Russia would not put any such missile ‘in Europe or other regions of the world’ unless the United States did so first.
The INF treaty was signed in 1987 by then US president Ronald Reagan and Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev. The last nuclear arms control treaty between Washington and Moscow – the NEW START treaty – expires in 2021. Most analysts expect it will not be extended. (Source: Shephard)
04 Feb 19. India-Kazakhstan Defence Ministers Vows To Boost Military Cooperation. India and Kazakhstan agreed to boost military cooperation, especially in the areas of defence production, as India’s Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman met her Kazakhstan counterpart Nurlan Yermekbayev on her three-day visit to the central Asian country. In October, Defence Minister Sitharaman met Minister of Defence and Aerospace Industry Beibut Atamkulov. Both the ministers discussed a wide range of issues relating to defence and military-technical cooperation and reviewed the progress of the bilateral relationship, especially in the defence sector. The two countries restored the Memorandum of Cooperation on defence in January 2017. Both countries are ‘strategic partners’ since 2009.
“Smt Nirmala Sitharaman also discussed issues relating to defence production with the Minister for Defence and Aerospace Industry. In this connection, the possibilities of joint production and/or co-production were discuss were discussed based upon the relative strengths and experience of both sides. She also discussed regional developments with the Kazakhstan Foreign Minister Mr Kairat Abdrakhmanov,” the official statement said.
India and Kazakhstan defence cooperation concentrate on military-technical cooperation, military education, and training, joint military exercises, bilateral exchange of visits and cadet youth exchange programs.
India conducted military training for approximately 200 Kazakh defence forces personnel. And also a company-level joint military exercise ‘KAZIND-2018’ in south Kazakhstan last month.
Sitharaman and Yermekbayev presided over the flag off ceremony of the Kazakhstan contingent that will join the Indian contingent at the United Nations International Peacekeeping Force in Lebanon.
The official statement said that the Kazakh contingent will join the Indian contingent at Lebanon by the end of this month. The Defence Minister Sitharaman also invited Yermekbayev Atamkulov to visit India and to attend Aero India 2019 to be held in Bengaluru in February 2019. (Source: Google/eurasiantimes.com)
01 Feb 19. With Modified Fire Control System, China’s Su-30 Fighter Jets Might be Aircraft Carrier’s Nightmare. China unveiled a set of photos of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army (PLA) Navy’s Su-30MKK fighter jets’ first training in the new year on January 6, 2019. These photos “inadvertently” revealed a detail: a Su-30 MK2 fighter preparing to take off was mounted with a Chinese PL-12 air-to-air missile. This does not seem to be anything special, but it indicates that China has already been able to modify the Su-30MKK’s fire control system to give it the capability to use China’s homegrown weapons. The last thing that aircraft carriers want to see is the Su-30 MK2 fighter jet carrying YJ-12 and YJ-18 anti-ship cruise missiles. Su-30MKK is known as the most powerful fighter jet of the Su-30 family. It has enhanced the structure on the basis of the former Su-30 fighters. It has two internal heavy-duty hanging points that have been enclosed since the Su-27 fighters, increasing its total payload to 12 tons. Su-30MKK also has increased its maximum take-off weight. Its maximum range is almost 4,000 kilometers, and therefore it can patrol the entire South China Sea with the support of tanker aircraft. Since 2004, Su-30MKK fighter jet has been an important air-borne anti-ship force in Chinese military. The Su-30MKK fighter jet, H-6 Strategic Bomber and JH-7 Fighter-Bomber shoulder together the heavy responsibility of China’s long-range anti-ship attack task.
However, today, more and more shortcomings of the Su-30MKK fighter jet have been exposed after 15 years. As a Russian product, it originally can only carry the Russian-made KH-31 and KH-41 anti-ship missiles. These two missiles are too old, and their performance have long lagged behind that of China’s YJ-12. Moreover, the KH-31 has been exported to the US to be used as target missile, and it is likely that the US has found a way to deal with it. Therefore, today’s Su-30MKK has become a “chicken rib” for China and its bomb-bearing capacity and cruising range are under-utilized. But China has adopted its own method, which is to decrypt the fire control system of Su-30MKK, and make it compatible with China’s homegrown weapons.
The fire control system is the system used by fighter jets to manage, aim at and guide offensive weapons, and it is one of the most important systems on any fighter jet. The country of origin generally does not prohibit the user from modifying the system of exported fighter jets, but it will not provide decryption (or charge a fee) to do so. In this way, the user is on his own when it comes to technical system modification.
India repeatedly hit such wall when it was trying to modify the fire control system of the Mirage 2000 multi-role fighter jet, and it had to pay $800m to ask Dassault Aviation (an international French aircraft manufacturer of military, regional, and business jets, and is a subsidiary of Dassault Group) for help.
China has already had a fairly mature experience in the research and development(R&D) of fighter jet fire control system and the use of Russian fighter jets. China also has experience in upgrading Russian fighter jets independently. Therefore, China successfully modified the fire control system of Su-30MKK and it is now compatible with China’s homegrown weapons (maybe it has been replaced with a domestic fire control system). The photo of a Su-30MK2 mounted with a Chinese PL-12 air-to-air missile in the training on January 6th is a proof of such accomplishment. Since PL-12 can be used, the YJ-12 missile can also be used.
The Su-30MKK fighter jet has three, 2-ton heavy hanging points while the YJ-12 missile just weighs two tons. That is to say, a Su-30MKK fighter jet can mount three YJ-12 missiles to attack targets within a radius of 1,500km. The distance between Zengmu Reef and Chinese Guangdong Province is only 1,900 kilometers. A Su-30MKK fighter jet that takes off from the Chinese mainland can attack enemy targets within more than half of the South China Sea. And it can cover the entire South China Sea if it takes off from the Yongxing Island. The super high speed of the YJ-12 missile is a huge threat to the Aegis system. It is conceivable that the Su-30MKK fighter jet mounted with YJ-12 missiles will become one of the most threatening weapons against enemy’s aircraft carrier fleets. (Source: defense-aerospace.com/China Military Online)
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