19 Feb 21. British government may drop upgrade plans for the Warrior fighting vehicle. Lockheed Martin UK executives responsible for modernizing the British Army’s Warrior infantry fighting vehicle have admitted the program is at risk of being axed or reduced in size in an upcoming government review.
The company’s Warrior Capability Sustainment Program (WCSP) director, Keren Wilkins, told reporters during an Feb. 18 online briefing that the project was under threat even though the British Army still saw the vehicle as a key requirement.
“We are vulnerable. I’m concerned,” Wilkins said. “We have talked to the Army, they have told us WCSP is the only capability that meets all of their requirements to provide an infantry fighting vehicle with the capacity for a full section [of troops] in the back, with the main weapon being a 40 mm turret, added armored protection, and other great capabilities.”
The British government is preparing to publish a much-anticipated analysis of its defense, security, foreign policy and international development programs. The review is expected to especially impact Army programs.
Lockheed Martin is in the final stages of negotiation with the Ministry of Defence over a contract to undertake the manufacturing phase of a deal to update the near-obsolete Warrior vehicle with an extensive array of updates, including a new cannon, improved protection and open digital architecture.
The company handed over its business proposals for WSCP manufacture to the MoD’s investment approval committee on Dec. 21 last year.
Defence procurement minister Jeremy Quin confirmed to Parliament on Feb. 1 the business case for WCSP was being considered through the government approvals process.
“All decisions are subject to the ongoing Integrated Review,” he warned.
The review is touted here as the most fundamental transformation of the British defense sector in decades as the military pivots away from conventional equipment programs to cyber, space, unmanned and other cutting edge technologies.
Ben Barry, senior fellow for land warfare at the International Institute for Strategic Studies, said that the MoD faces hard choices around its armored vehicle programs, namely the update of the Challenger 2 tank, introduction of the Boxer armored personnel vehicle and the Ajax armored reconnaissance vehicle.
Achieving the necessary capability improvements with the necessary speed “will probably require hard choices about which of the Army’s current four armored-vehicle modernization programs to pursue. And of those program that are endorsed by the review, numbers and roles may change,” he said.
Publication of the long-delayed review is now expected around the second week of March, to be quickly followed by a defense white paper adding more detail on program and capability changes.
The Warrior update program, signed by Lockheed Martin in 2011 and now years behind schedule, has long been in the firing line when it came to potential capability cuts, according to analysts.
Wilkens said the company was aware that the program was “at risk” and Lockheed Martin had been active across social media to ensure the benefits of Warrior were well understood.
Some 2,000 jobs at Lockheed Martin UK and its supply chain, which is 80 percent British, are at risk as well as the future of a center of excellence in turret design the company has spent some £200m ($280m) developing at Ampthill, southern England, over the last ten years.
A KPMG report commissioned by Lockheed Martin said that upgrade work for an assumed 275 vehicles over the next eight years could bring about £1bn, or $1.4bn, gross value added (GVA) to the British economy.
Aside from Warrior, the Ampthill site also produces turrets for the General Dynamics UK Ajax armored reconnaissance vehicles being assembled for the British Army in a factory in south Wales.
Wilken’s said interest in the export market was expected to grow once the turret is in service.
A £16bn ($22bn) market for medium-caliber turrets over the next 10 years is forecast, she said.
Lockheed Martin UK is already seeking to leverage its WSCP skills and is undertaking conceptual work on future turret developments, including what the company calls an unmanned urban fighting vehicle.
Company officials said future development maintaining British turret capabilities would be unlikely to survive axing of the WSCP.
Part of the push to emphasize the economic and operational benefits of the program included an announcement Feb. 18 that the vehicle had recently completed 80 percent of key field trials and was on course to wrap up the testing work in the next two or three months.
Subject to WCSP avoiding the chop, the expectation has been that up to 275 vehicles will be updated.
Wilkins conceded, though, that the numbers may be cut.
“On the numbers there is a lot speculation. … I wouldn’t be surprised if the number of WSCPs are reduced. … The first hurdle, though, is making sure the program survives,” she said.
A decision to completely axe the Warrior would significantly impact Army capabilities, argued Barry.
“If the Army dropped Warrior and did not replace it with another IFV that could keep up with and alongside tanks, armored warfare as successfully practiced on Desert Storm and Operation Telic in Iraq would be impossible. Urban warfare and high-end peace support operations like Bosnia would be much more difficult,” said Barry.
“The result would be a further loss of credibility and influence with the United States and NATO,” said the analyst., (Source: Defense News)
18 Feb 21. Norwegian Army Adding 20 CV90s to its Fleet. BAE Systems has received an order from the Norwegian Army for 20 additional CV90 Infantry Fighting Vehicles to increase the combat power of its existing fleet.
The Norwegian Defence Materiel Agency awarded the more than $50m contract that will increase the Army’s fleet to 164 vehicles as part of its effort to grow and modernize in the face of evolving threats.
Norway is one of seven CV90 users and is the latest customer to enhance its fleet of combat-proven CV90s following significant life extension and mid-life upgrade contracts from Switzerland and the Netherlands. The new Norwegian order for 12 engineering and eight multi-carrier CV90 variants is scheduled for delivery in 2023.
“We look forward to fielding another 20 modern CV90 combat support vehicles into the Norwegian Army,” said Brigadier Øyvind Johan Kvalvik, Norwegian Defence Materiel Agency´s Land Systems Division. “These additional vehicles will provide the Norwegian Army with the room for maneuver and combat power that the Army needs to be able to complete its missions using the most modern IFV vehicles in the world.”
BAE Systems Hägglunds, the manufacturer of the CV90 based in Örnsköldsvik, Sweden, will deliver the new vehicles in cooperation with Ritek, an established Norwegian CV90 partner. With Ritek at the center of the local industrial cooperation hub, up to 30 potential Norwegian suppliers will be responsible for upgrading and repairing components, as well as delivering new subsystems and technology solutions as part of future upgrades for the Norwegian CV90 fleet.
“We have a strong track record of delivering on time, at cost, and high quality to the Norwegian Army. This follow-up order demonstrates the importance of successful relationships with in-country industry partners like Ritek,” said Tommy Gustafsson-Rask, managing director of BAE Systems Hägglunds. “As we work to enhance the Norwegian Army’s existing fleet of CV90s, deepening our existing relationships with local industry will naturally benefit our end users.”
BAE Systems has a successful history of industrial cooperation projects in Norway that have strengthened industry partnerships, transferred technical know-how, and exceeded customer expectations and requirements. During the latest CV90 procurement and upgrade contract, BAE Systems Hägglunds delivered 100 percent offset obligation five years ahead of schedule.
BAE Systems and Ritek look forward to strengthening their relationship through the successful execution of this contract. “Our cooperation with the Norwegian Armed Forces and BAE Systems Hägglunds is based on trust and experience between all parties involved. We are very pleased with this new agreement which brings a positive local employment effect for Ritek as we focus on delivering this critical capacity to the Norwegian Army in the form of more combat support vehicles,” said Hilmar Olsen, general manager at Ritek. “We also expect the project to provide long-term opportunities for several other Norwegian suppliers across the country.”
Norway is one of seven European users operating the CV90. The others are Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Switzerland, Sweden and the Netherlands. With close to 1,300 vehicles in service in multiple variants, the vehicle is combat-proven and designed to accommodate future growth to meet evolving missions. (Source: ASD Network)
18 Feb 21. 1st Command Variant for ACV Program Delivered to Marines for Testing. BAE Systems has handed over the first of a new variant of the Amphibious Combat Vehicle to the U.S. Marine Corps for testing.
The Command variant (ACV-C) is designed to provide the highest levels of communications, coordination, and analysis on the battlefield to support command and control.
BAE Systems is under contract to deliver two variants to the Marine Corps under the ACV Family of Vehicles program: the ACV personnel carrier (ACV-P) and the ACV-C. A 30mm cannon (ACV-30) is currently under contract for design and development and a recovery variant (ACV-R) is also planned.
The ACV-C employs multiple work stations for Marines to maintain and manage situational awareness in the battle space. The work stations access independent networks for advanced digital communications while on the move. This capability supports immediate information synchronization in the application of combat power.
“This ACV’s base design for payload makes it a uniquely adaptable platform for the integration of numerous mission capability sets,” said John Swift, director of amphibious programs at BAE Systems. “The delivery of the first ACV-C for testing is significant as it provides Marines with advanced operational control for defeating adversaries. Marines will be able to quickly receive and analyze data, coordinate battlefield functions, and transmit information to provide terminal mission control rapidly from the mobile protected ACV-C.”
The ACV platform was designed to grow and adapt to mission needs, allowing space for new capabilities as technology evolves such as turreted, reconnaissance, electronic warfare, anti-air, and UAS systems integration.
The Marine Corps and BAE Systems entered full-rate production on the ACV program with a contract award in December, achieving its most significant milestone to date along with the Marine Corps’ decision to declare Initial Operational Capability (IOC). Work is currently underway on the ACV-30 variant.
ACV production and support is taking place at BAE Systems locations in Stafford, Virginia; San Jose, California; Sterling Heights, Michigan; Aiken, South Carolina; and York, Pennsylvania. (Source: ASD Network)
19 Feb 21. Uncertainty hangs over UK Warrior upgrade. Despite being the only solution in development to fill the UK’s Infantry Fighting Vehicle requirement, uncertainty hangs over Lockheed Martin’s Warrior Capability Sustainment Programme (CSP) which the UK Ministry of Defence (MOD) could cut as part of its Integrated Review of defence security and foreign policy.
Plans to trim or cut the Warrior fleet have been rumoured for months, but despite this, Lockheed Martin has pushed forward with Warrior CSP’s reliability growth trials, recently announcing that 80% of the trials – 95 battlefield missions – had been completed.
During a press briefing, Lockheed Martin’s Warrior CSP programme director Keren Wilkins told reporters that the company forecasts the vehicle ‘will definitely achieve the very stringent requirements that we [Lockheed Martin] have around reliability’.
The programme’s Qualification and Verification Trials for the programme are also ongoing concurrently.
Should the programme get the green light to go into production, following the publication of the Integrated Review in March, Lockheed Martin anticipates Design Acceptance and a subsequent contract award for manufacture could be wrapped up by the end of 2021.
Warrior CSP has been in trials since 2019 to demonstrate to the British Army that it meets its requirements. The Warrior vehicle hasn’t undergone a major upgrade since it entered service in 1984. A key selling point of the Warrior CSP system is its ability to fire on the move.
Wilkins said: “I think the most significant thing is that WCSP is the only capability that allows soldiers safely to enter and operate in the most demanding close combat and high threat environments.
“It also provides support to the Challenger main battle tanks, and infantry troops once they are actually deployed from the platform.”
Nixing the programme would be a blow to Lockheed Martin UK’s turret centre of excellence at Ampthill which also produces the turret for the UK’s AJAX reconnaissance vehicle and would cause the site to lose around a third of its projected workload.
Last year, a source told Army Technology that the vehicle is in the most doubt as the UK looks to reassess its forces. Cutting the capability would leave the UK without an Infantry Fighting Vehicle.
Cutting the programme could also set back years of work to rebuild the UK’s turret design capability – with the Lockheed Martin AJAX and Warrior CSP turrets being the first to be designed in the UK since Challenger 2 in the 1990s and the original Warrior IFV in the 1980s.
Last year, a report published by KPMG and commissioned by Lockheed Martin found that a production contract for the Warrior CSP could add up to £1bn to the UK economy. The programme would also support an estimated 2,000 jobs at its peak.
The figure was based on an expected production contract covering the upgrade of 275 vehicles between 2021 and 2029. At this time, any final vehicle numbers are yet to be confirmed as a production contract has yet to be signed.
Around 80% of the Warrior CSP solution is sourced from British Companies in its current state, this figure is expected to stay the same for the production version.
An executive summary of the KMPG report seen by Army Technology said that based on an expected contract award in the last quarter of 2021, resultant vehicle deliveries would likely take place between 2023 and 2028.
Commenting on the Integrated Review, Wilkins added: “From my perspective, we’ve certainly heard that no programme is absolutely safe in an integrated review, that’s just a fact of life, that’s why the government does that review. We do when we do feel vulnerable, to be honest. Despite being the most mature from a design capability in demonstrating that we meet the requirements outlined from a reliability and design acceptance status.
“None of the other new platforms that are about to come into service are as mature as us. We don’t have a manufacturing contract yet. We are working very closely with DE&S [Defence Equipment and Support].
In the past, the MOD told Lockheed Martin it intends to up to 290 Warrior vehicles to the CSP standard. When asked this week, the MOD said it couldn’t comment on future programme decisions as a result of the ongoing Integrated Review.
Army Technology understands that the Full Business Case for the Warrior CSP programme is currently going through the MOD’s internal approval process, all decisions on future programmes are subject to the integrated review.
Wilkins added: “And we know that the army is absolutely committed to Warrior, so we are steaming ahead on the basis that we will get a contract award this year. I think we are vulnerable; I am concerned.
“We’ve talked to the army, they’ve told us that they’ve done a detailed analysis, and WCSP is the only capability that will meet all of their requirements to provide an armoured infantry fighting vehicle with the capacity of a full section in the back, with the main weapon – the 40mm turret – we’ve got the added armour protection, all of the great capability that we’re bringing into service.”
The Warrior CSP turret is built around the CTA International 40mm cannon that is also used on the 245 turrets Lockheed Martin is building for the General Dynamics-led AJAX programme.
Throughout the past decade, Lockheed Martin has made a significant investment into both the Warrior CSP programme and its turret centre of excellence at Ampthill rebuilding the UK’s turret design and manufacture capability.
Wilkins added: “It’s taken Ampthill ten years to reconstitute the skills and know-how to design and manufacture modern digital turret systems, we’ve made a significant investment as the Ampthill site in that capability. That’s for the future of this turret programmes.
“And as part of that, we’ve developed some significant facilities. We’ve got a manufacturing capability which is world-class, excuse me on Ampthill site. But also, we’ve brought together a real core of subject matter experts from various different backgrounds to come together to have what I’d call a one-stop-shop for turrets and we’re very proud of that.”
Warrior CSP is designed to extend the in-service life of the Warrior armoured fighting vehicle (AFV) beyond 2040. The programme is comprised of three parts; the Warrior Fightability Lethality Improvement Programme (WFLIP), Warrior Enhanced Electronic Architecture (WEEA), Warrior Modular Protection System (WMPS).
Building on Warrior CSP – the ‘Unmanned Urbanfighter Turret
Furthering the Warrior CSP turret design, Lockheed Martin has developed the ‘Unmanned Urbanfighter Turret’ a concept turret derived from the system designed for the programme. Lockheed Martin believes this system could have strong export potential and strengthen its turret business access to the medium calibre turret market.
The new turret takes design features of the Warrior CSP turret, including its basis on the Generic Vehicle Architecture (GVA), and the potential of an uncrewed turret has already been demonstrated at the start of Warrior CSP’s design acceptance trials.
The concept turret also builds on the modular approach to make it more flexible in terms of what vehicles it could be mounted on, a move that Lockheed Martin believes strengthens its export potential.
The company told Army Technology that the potential export turret could support the same number of jobs as the Warrior CSP programme could if it goes into production.
Lockheed Martin also touted interoperability benefits of an export turret including the integration of Anti-Tank Guided Missiles (ATGM) launchers, launch and control of Uncrewed Air Vehicles (UAVs), Active Protection Systems, Counter UAS systems, and integration between ground vehicles and aerial vehicles such as attack helicopters. (Source: army-technology.com)
17 Feb 21. Patria showcasing several state-of-the-art products at IDEX. Patria attends the international defence exhibition IDEX on 21 – 25th February 2021 in Abu Dhabi showcasing several state-of-the-art products. IDEX is the only international defence exhibition and conference in the MENA region demonstrating the latest technology across land, sea and air sectors of defence. The exhibition takes place biennially at the Abu Dhabi National Exhibition Centre (ADNEC) in Abu Dhabi. Patria’s stand number is H8-B19.
Patria showcases the following products:
Patria AMVXP 8×8 is extremely modern, modular and robust armoured wheeled vehicle providing the superior fire power protection and mobility. Patria AMVXP has fully digitalized vehicle data and control systems.
Patria Nemo is a turreted, light weight and remote-controlled 120 mm mortar system with a high level of mobility, protection and accuracy. Patria Nemo is capable of both direct and indirect fire, even when the vehicle is moving.
Patria 6×6 armoured wheeled vehicle is an unparalleled choice for troop transportation and combat support roles. The vehicle is modern and quick-to-deploy, providing superior mobility and high ballistic protection.
ARIS and ARIS-E are advanced real-time Electronic Intelligence (ELINT) and Electronic Support Measures (ESM) systems used to intercept, record and analyze radar signals and further providing automatic identification, real-time geolocating and tracking of radars on the battlefield (i.e. forming tactical electronic situational awareness picture).
MUSCL (Multistatic Coherent Location), which is a passive radar system utilizing signals from existing radio and TV broadcast networks for aerial and surface target detection and tracking.
CANDL Compact Airborne Networking Data Link system for airborne networking applications such as Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS), Manned-Unmanned Teaming (MUMT), Intra-Flight Data Link (IFDL) and Live Virtual Constructive training (LVC).
CRAWLR is an open source intelligence (OSINT) software product for governmental actors for gathering and analyzing open source data combined with private data. The software collects, classifies, enriches and analyses information from multiple sources using discrete data mining. Further, highly sophisticated image and optical character recognition and offline neural network-based translation tools help gather and analyze data from both the public Internet and Dark Web. CRAWLR is an effective tool against hybrid warfare, terrorism, drug and illegal arms trafficking and is a highly effective cyber and military intelligence capability.
16 Feb 21. Silent Arrow® Awarded U.S. Air Force Contract. Commercially Successful 1-Ton Cargo Delivery Glider to be Scaled Down for Expanded Military Operations.
Silent Arrow today announced the United States Air Force has awarded contract FA864921P0478 entitled “Feasibility of Downsizing and Adapting Commercial Silent Arrow® Cargo Delivery UAS to Meet Specific AFSOC Operational Requirements” to the company effective February 5, 2021. The contract will be executed in partnership with the Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL) with funding from AFWERX.
A 1-ton Silent Arrow Autonomous Cargo Delivery Aircraft with Wings Cocked and Fuselage Loaded is Prepared for Loading Onto a Deployment Aircraft at Silent Arrow’s Flight Test Center, Pendleton Oregon.
A Silent Arrow GD-2000 Autonomous Cargo Delivery UAS Uses Onboard LiDAR to Initiate the Landing Flare Sequence During an Air Force Demonstration Flight, Pendleton Oregon.
Under this Small Business Innovation Research (“SBIR”) contract, the commercially successful Silent Arrow® GD-2000 (Glider, Disposable, 2000 pounds) platform will be scaled down for CV-22 cargo ramp and smaller fixed-wing side-door deployment activities for unspecified U.S. operations.
In accordance with the tenets of the SBIR program, Silent Arrow® heavy payload cargo UAS will subsequently be procurable on a sole-source basis by the United States government for special operations and tactical resupply as well as humanitarian aid and disaster relief.
“This contract creates a new Silent Arrow® product line, custom tailored to one of the specific needs of the special operations community,” said Chip Yates, Silent Arrow’s founder and CEO. “We are pleased with the Air Force’s vision and decisiveness in driving this life-saving asset into the hands of the warfighter.”
Silent Arrow’s tightly integrated packaging with its patented spring-deployed wing system transported inside the fuselage, 1,600-pound payload capacity, 40-mile standoff distance and low unit cost, has received enthusiastic reception from U.S. and foreign customers and is currently being delivered to directly serve heavy-payload, autonomous cargo resupply needs throughout the world.
About Silent Arrow®: Silent Arrow® is a DBA of Yates Electrospace Corporation, founded in 2012 by electric aviation pioneer Chip Yates, to produce the 1-ton Silent Arrow® and AVIUS Air Delivery™ autonomous cargo drone product lines, which were named one of six “Unmanned Cargo Aircraft to Watch” by Aviation Week & Space Technology magazine. Our engineering team has been awarded more than 20 patents, 6 Fédération Aéronautique Internationale (FAI) aircraft world records and 2 FAI Louis Bleriot medals for disruptive contributions to the aviation industry. For more information visit www.Silent-Arrow.com. (Source: PR Newswire)
16 Feb 21. Opportunities for businesses to help improve armoured vehicles. The latest opportunities for Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) and new suppliers to engage with the defence industry have been announced by Dstl (Defence Science and Technology Laboratory).
Dstl is hosting 2 webinars in March to support research to improve the protection and mobility of armoured vehicles, now and into the future. The webinars are being organised through Dstl’s Searchlight initiative to increase defence collaboration with non-traditional defence suppliers.
The webinars are free to attend and businesses do not need to have worked previously with Dstl or in the defence sector. Attendance is welcomed from equipment and material manufacturers, engineers, innovators, researchers and academics and others who have a genuine interest and ability to work with Dstl.
Webinar 1: Modular Integrated Protection Systems (MIPS)
Date: 16 March 2021, 1:30 to 2:30pm
Dstl is furthering research to improve the protection and survivability of Armoured Fighting Vehicles from attack against a wide range of current and future threats, such as Rocket Propelled Grenades (RPGs) and Anti-Tank Guided Weapons (ATGWs) therefore helping to protect the lives of the UK Armed Forces.
Dstl conducted a proof of concept Technical Demonstrator Programme (Icarus TDP) between 2017 and 2021.
The TDP developed a UK sovereign Active Protection Modular Integrated Protection System (MIPS) Electronic Architecture (EA), incorporating Modular Open System Architecture design principles. The MIPS EA provides a common infrastructure that will enable ‘best of breed’ technologies to be developed or selected, and integrated.
Further research and development is now required to mature key elements of the MIPS concept.
Specialised expertise is required in certain areas such as weapon control, sensor data fusion and kinematic estimation but there is also a requirement for knowledge in safety critical software, deterministic data processing, system level modelling/simulation and high integrity model based system-engineering techniques.
The Dstl requirement is expected to be around £1m in value over 2 years, subject to contract. Concepts generated may be taken forward for further development within a potential multi-million pound project.
Webinar 2: Future Ground Combat System research
Date: 18 March 2021, 11:30am to 12:30pm
The Future Ground Combat System will set out to replace current armoured vehicles such as Challenger 2, the Army’s Main Battle Tank, and produce battle-winning capability in 2040 to 2050. The presentation will review the potential scope of future combat vehicles and outline some of the key challenges where science and technology solutions will be required. The areas of interest include lethality, survivability, mobility, system integration and the use of organic remote systems.
The team will explain the variety of ways to work with Dstl including commercial routes and framework arrangements.
The events will be administered by Team Defence Information.
Register at https://dstlsearchlight.eventbrite.co.uk
15 Feb 21. Australian DoD receives six prototype vehicles from Rheinmetall and Hanwha. The Australian Department of Defence (DoD) has received three prototype test and evaluation vehicles each from Hanwha Defense Australia and Rheinmetall Defence Australia.
The Australian Department of Defence (DoD) has received three prototype test and evaluation vehicles each from Hanwha Defense Australia and Rheinmetall Defence Australia.
With the delivery of these six prototype vehicles, Australia’s LAND 400 Phase 3-Mounted Close Combat Capability programme has reached a new milestone.
It is the DoD’s A$15bn ($10.3bn) project with Rheinmetall and Hanwha as two shortlisted tenderers.
The programme is designed to equip the Australian Army with up to 450 Infantry Fighting Vehicles (IFV) and a Manoeuvre Support Vehicle capability comprising up to 17 vehicles.
Australia Defence Minister Linda Reynolds said: “These significant activities include Australian soldiers participating in user evaluation and testing, with a particular focus on the armour, firepower and mobility of the platforms.
“The Risk Mitigation Activity will undertake important analysis on each vehicle’s ability to integrate with other key ADF land, sea and air capabilities, including amphibious lift.
“The Infantry Fighting Vehicle will be a state-of-the-art tracked armoured vehicle, capable of carrying six soldiers in addition to a crew of three. These advanced vehicles will provide increased protection, mobility, and firepower for the ADF.”
As part of the two-year Risk Mitigation Activity (RMA), the Australian firms each delivered two vehicles for test and evaluation activities and one each for blast testing.
In October 2019, the Australian DoD signed contracts with Hanwha and Rheinmetall for the RMA phase of the LAND 400 Phase 3 programme.
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The RMA will include ‘detailed testing and evaluation of the tendered vehicles’.
Reynolds added: “When delivered, the Infantry Fighting Vehicle will allow army to successfully sustain mounted close combat operations against emerging and future threats as part of the joint force.
“The delivery of these vehicles is part of the Morrison government’s unprecedented $270bn investment over the next decade to upgrade the capability and potency of the ADF.”
Last November, Rheinmetall revealed the first Lynx KF41 infantry fighting vehicle (IFV) for the Land 400 Phase 3 programme. (Source: army-technology.com)