18 May 2016. The agenda for the NATO summit scheduled for July in Warsaw will be packed with compelling and competing demands upon Alliance time and resources. The unifying focus of out of area operations in Afghanistan has been replaced by the twin threats of Russia in the East and the risks emanating from Africa and the Middle East. The United States will want to see European member states recommit and follow through on the 2% pledge made at Celtic Manor, whilst the Europeans will wish to see renewed vigour in American leadership. With the exception of Montenegro, the question of enlargement remains hanging in the air with no clear way forward for aspirant nations. Afghanistan, despite the Alliance’s attempts to look the other way, remains unfinished business. With so much at stake prioritisation will be key.