On this first day back following attendance on all five days of DSEI 2019 at the Excel Centre in London last week I thought that it may be helpful to republish the excellent and very appropriate address given by Chief of the Air Staff, Air Chief Marshal Mike Wigston at the Clarion organised event last Tuesday.
The address given by CAS was, to the best of my knowledge, the first major address given by him since he took over from ACM Sir Stephen Hillier immediately following the Royal International Air Tattoo in July. In his address, CAS sets out a formidable list of new capabilities that the Royal Air Force will embrace over the next few year along with outlining other primary future strategic intentions including those related to Combat Air Strategy, FCAS and Team Tempest (of which I intend to write a follow on piece later this week together with a DSEI wrap-up) along also with strategy in regard to Space and Project Artemis).
This was an excellent address and I hope that it provides the reader with increased confidence that the Royal Air Force is well positioned to deliver a well-defined strategy, one that provides full-spectrum air and space power capability and that has its people at the heart).
Chief of the Air Staff, Air Chief Marshal Mike Wigston
A very good morning, ladies and gentlemen. I am delightedto be back at DSEI, which continues to grow in scale and stature as a world leading defence equipment exhibition. Well done the team at Clarion Events.
Having been Chief of the Air Staff for just over a month, there are plenty of things I would like to talk about this morning but you’ll understand why I’m going to focus on the Royal Air Force’s equipment capability programme and the truly impressive things we do with that equipment; all of course underpinned by our vital relationships with allies and with industry partners in the aerospace, space, cyberspace and other technology sectors.
Those are relationships on which our country’s future security and prosperity depend. Partnering and collaboration is as important as it has ever been because these are challenging times. The international system that has existed since 1945, that we rely on for our security and prosperity, is being eroded by states like Russia, China and Iran actively destabilising the world order, challenging our security, stability and prosperity.
We operate today in a state of constant competition and confrontation, with threats to our nation diversifying, proliferating and intensifying rapidly. As CDS remarked recently, it is hard to remember a time when the strategic and political context was more uncertain, more complex and more dynamic.
Today is, of course, the sad anniversary of the September 11th 2001 attacks. It is the fight against violent extremism and the toxic ideology underpinning it that has set the context for operations in the 21st century. In that context, air and space power has been the critical enabler in tackling violent extremists across Iraq, Syria and Afghanistan. The streets of the UK and our allies are safer as a result.
We have been able to achieve all of this because we have had almost complete control of air and space. But there is a risk of complacency about the freedom of manoeuvre that unchallenged control of the air has given us, likewise our undisturbed reliance on space.
Why would we be concerned? As a nation, our armed forces have not suffered a loss to enemy air attack since 1982, and with our overwhelming reliance on space for just about everything we do in our day to day lives, are we too complacent about the disaster of losing services from space, even for a day?
Our potential adversaries have not been idle these last decades. They have watched us and they have learnt. Fifth generation combat aircraft are no longer the sole preserve of our friends, and long-range surface to air missile systems are becoming more capable and proliferating to proxy states too. From sub-threshold threats in the ‘grey zone’ of conflict, to hypersonic missiles. From industrial-scale spam on social media to potential interference with our national interests in space.
Our potential adversaries are contesting our operating spaces.
Over Syria, we are operating in close proximity to sophisticated Russian surface-to-air missile systems and their latest generation combat aircraft.
In Europe, Russian surface to air missile systems extend into the sovereign airspace of our allies. And Russian aircraft and maritime units operate routinely in our airspace and around our shores. Those aircraft do not squawk, they are a hazard to international aviation, and they are not welcome.
At a time of year when we remember the Battle of Britain, it is worth reflecting that now, as then, control of the air remains thevital enabler of all we do: as Field Marshal Montgomery observed, ‘If we lose the war in the air, we lose the war, and we lose it quickly.’
I would now add space to that, but I’ll forgive Monty for his oversight.
As Chief of the Air Staff, maintaining the RAF’s ability to secure control of air and space for all our operations at home and abroad is my foremost responsibility, ensuring we have the right equipment and the best people to do that.
So, for the Royal Air Force, our ability to attract and retain the quality of people we need is as critical as it has ever been. But of equal importance is that we continue to modernise and transform our equipment, platforms, aircraft and systems, to face these challenging times.
Our government recognises it and has invested in Defence with real terms growth in the equipment programme. That investment includes the Combat Air Strategy launched last year. It is of enormous, strategic significance to the UK aerospace sector – and with that, our science and technology sector as a whole.
Take F35, for example. It is because of the critical skills and technology the UK contributed that we are the United States’ only Tier 1 partner in the programme. Britain has a 15% stake in every F-35 sold, and the £35 billion that the programme is projected to generate for the UK economy and the 25,000 British jobs it supports represents a return that far outstrips the cost of the 138 aircraft we intend to purchase.
I do not need to remind this audience that the UK is world-leading in aerospace, space and cyberspace; science and technology at the cutting edge.
The UK secured 19% of the global defence equipment market in 2018, of which 96% was military aerospace. It is a reflection of the quality and dynamism of Britain’s defence industry that, complementing the MOD’s £18.9 billion investment with UK industry last year, UK defence exports were valued at £14 billion. Representing a 55% rise over 2017 and nearly tripling our exports in 2011, the UK is now second only to the USA in terms of Defence exports.
I am proud of the contribution the RAF is making to our national prosperity and I also recognise that what is good for the UK defence industry is good for the British Armed Forces, and the Royal Air Force especially. You cannot have prosperity without security and you cannot have security without prosperity.
This was a key driver behind our decision to deploy the Red Arrows on their first major tour of North America for 26 years – working with the Foreign Office and Department for International Trade to create enormous opportunities for British business whilst reinforcing our ties with our most important allies. Still ongoing, the tour has been phenomenally successful – the flight over the Washington Nationals baseball game was followed by over one million on social media; the formation flights with F22 and F35 is estimated to have been seen by 30 million in the US and UK, and likely hundreds of millions worldwide.
I don’t need to remind this audience where the UK stands at the cutting edge of technology, but nor do I need to remind this audience of our immense success at international collaboration. In combat air alone think Harrier, Jaguar, Tornado, Typhoon and Lightning.
So, it is no surprise that it is where we see the future too. An international approach underpins the Future Combat Air System Technology Initiative alongside the innovative approach we are taking with our industry partners on Team Tempest.
It was fabulous to see Sweden and Saab come on board at RIAT this summer and equally fabulous yesterday to see the National Armament Directors of UK and Italy sign an agreement. I’ve just witnessed the CEOs of Leonardo (Italy) and BAe Systems sign a statement of intent to collaborate on Tempest – with more to come from the Secretary of State for Defence later [this week at DSEI].
The Future Combat Air System Technology Initiative is breaking new ground daily. Through Team Tempest, Leonardo is contracting an airborne technology testbed. It demonstrates clearly the commitment of the MOD, RAF and UK industry to the development of cutting-edge Combat Air technologies. It will mean that from the early 2020s we will be able to mature technology from across the air domain at an accelerated pace, de-risking programmes, reducing cost and bringing capability to the front-line faster than ever before.
We also want to encourage, exploit and support UK defence and aerospace companies of all sizes. That is why, in March, Team Tempest hosted an Industry Engagement Day at which over 180 companies were briefed on the opportunities the programme presents. Since the formation of Team Tempest in July 2018, over 130 sub-contracts have been awarded across a range of capability, technology and component areas. I look forward to even more joining this revolutionary, UK-led programme, which will deliver a future combat air capability to the front-line by 2035.
The Combat Air Strategy, FCAS and Team Tempest, and the international and industrial partnerships that underpin them, are of huge strategic significance to the UK aerospace and technology sector. It is our future.
But our future is not just about FCAS and Team Tempest. Our Rapid Capabilities Office is driving forwards the ‘Mosquito’ unmanned technology demonstrator, which will provide the Royal Air Force with enhanced combat mass in the future. Our ambition for remotely piloted and autonomous platforms does not rest there. I am very pleased to announce that last month the MOD placed a contract of around £100 million with General Atomics-ASI for the test and evaluation phase of the Protector programme – a key milestone towards the delivery of this important next-generation capability.
Protector exemplifies the benefits that military-industry partnering can bring. Through the embedding of experienced RAF operators in the programme, we are helping bring to life a world-leading capability. It will provide the RAF with a remotely-piloted air system – equipped with British-designed and built weapons – that can operate worldwide for up to 40 hours. And I am pleased to confirm that we are accelerating our work to explore the opportunities to collaborate with international partners to develop Protector’s future capabilities, including a maritime variant.
In space too, we have initiated ground-breaking programmes that underpin the Royal Air Force’s lead of the command and control of space operations for the UK MOD. Project Artemis paves the way for the creation of a constellation of small satellites with our key industry partners of Airbus, Raytheon and Surrey Satellites. Our launch partner will be Virgin Orbit, with whom we are working with to provide a Test Pilot.
That was a taste of future capabilities, but just as important, are the partnerships driving the development of our in-Service platforms, and we have a fantastic story to tell here too.
With Typhoon, we will ensure the backbone of the RAF’s fast-jet force will continue to outclass its competition through the integration of new capabilities. Our ‘spiral development’ of capabilities on Typhoon has already led the way. We were the first Eurofighter partner to field Meteor; the first to integrate the Brimstone precision strike missile; and the first to turn Typhoon into a genuinely strategic capability through the integration of the Storm Shadow cruise missile.
And with our commitment to a new electronically-scanned radar and the integration of the Smart Dispenser System and Litening 5 targeting pod Typhoon will be more capable than ever before and remain a world-class combat air platform for decades to come.
Another superb example of spiral development of a future capability is the SPEAR 3 weapon family. I am pleased to announce that yesterday, the MOD signed a one-year £10m Technology Demonstrator Programme with MBDA, and their partners Leonardo, to develop and test cutting-edge electronic warfare technology as part of the SPEAR 3 programme. With the weapon due to enter service on F-35 and in future Typhoon, this Technology Demonstration Programme is a superb example of our collective determination to spirally develop existing capabilities and minimise costs whilst maximising capability and operational advantage on the Front-Line.
We take delivery of the first of our nine Boeing Poseidon aircraft next month ahead of an anticipated operational declaration next April. And we are progressing at pace our acquisition of the Wedgetail, which will provide an unprecedented capability in detecting and tracking fast and low-observable airborne threats to replace the Sentry AWACS.
The RAF now has one of the most modern and capable Air Mobility fleets in the world. We have again been at the vanguard in releasing the A400M Atlas’s full tactical capability – the RAF has successfully delivered the heaviest parachute load on record, delivering an incredible 23 tonnes in a single pass; and Airbus’s MRTT, Voyager in Royal Air Force service, is simply unmatched in terms of its range, payload and mission flexibility.
It is all very well having such capable fleets, but as threats diversify and proliferate and our operating space is increasingly contested, we must ensure those platforms can continue to operate. In that regard, I am delighted we have contracted Leonardo and Thales to deliver the next generation of Air Platform Protection for the UK armed forces. This collaboration has the potential to deliver world-leading platform protection of our homeland; defending our allies; tackling threats to our security and prosperity; and projecting the UK on the global stage. And to this audience especially, thank you very much indeed for your part in that.
CHW (London – 16th September 2019)
Howard Wheeldon FRAeS
Wheeldon Strategic Advisory Ltd,
M: +44 7710 779785