Sponsored by Blighter Surveillance Systems
17 Mar 23. KME announced a new partnership with Staco systems. The team at Staco are now KME’s US primary partner and are actively offering KME branded products to the US market. For more than 60 years, the biggest names in aerospace and defence have trusted Staco Systems as the provider of choice for critical cockpit control systems.
Staco is a resilient brand which is, propelled by superior engineering and continual technology development, including unique advances in optics, weight reduction and miniaturization. This technical innovation has led the company to continually enhance its standard offerings with unique custom solutions engineered and built to solve a customer problem or meet a customer specification. Staco’s innovation is in line with KME’s core values and methodology making it a great strategic partnership
16 Mar 23. MARSS Group announces at DSEI Japan, that it has passed the Final Site Acceptance Test of its largest single site project to-date. With a value of over $100M and encompassing the installation and integration of over 100 sensors and effectors, MARSS’ installation will provide complete protection and situational awareness at a complex critical infrastructure site in the Middle East, against manned and unmanned asymmetric threats such as UAS, USV and UUVs. First contracted just 18 months ago, MARSS has successfully brought together over 20 partners from around the world, including, Thales, L3, RADA, Citadel, Kirintec, MSI, FLIR, and many others, and seamlessly integrated them into a single tactical operational picture, all underpinned by NiDAR – MARSS’ proprietary Hybrid Intelligence system.
MARSS’ NiDAR fuses Artificial Intelligence alongside traditional algorithmic techniques and human driven domain expertise to produce results that exceed the sum of the parts. Combing all sensors and effectors into a single, intelligent User Interface, NiDAR maximises the performance of individual instruments and greatly reduces the time from detection to defeat in the decision chain.
Several operational firsts have been achieved, including a proven “end to end” defeat capability integrating electronic and kinetic effectors. As the prime contractor, MARSS is also delivering a multi-year turn-key package, including training and integrated logistic support.
Rob Balloch, Senior Vice President of Sales, adds “recent world events have emphasised the need for an agnostic approach to the rapid integration of legacy and next generation sensors and effectors. MARSS assembled a global team of experts backed by operational specialists to deliver a complete solution for our client.
“In less than three years, MARSS has evolved from a team of just 18 to over 130 engineers, programmers and support professionals. Completing this latest project, providing end-to-end protection for a critical infrastructure site, is yet another landmark moment for MARSS’ development.”
16 Mar 23. Dubai Police & RAFAEL Collaborating on C-UAS Security. Dubai Police is collaborating with Rafael Advanced Defense Systems Ltd. in addressing regional UAS challenges and strengthening security of valued assets through the utilization of multiple different technologies and systems.
The two sides have agreed to engage in a program to utilize the DRONE DOME for the Dubai Police’s air defense needs. RAFAEL’s teams and the Unmanned Aerial Systems Center of Dubai Police will collaborate in the field of Counter UAS.
Both parties have agreed to continue this collaboration so as to ensure that the Dubai Police can continue to offer high level security services through operating state of the art C-UAS technologies.
Major General Mohammed Nasser Al Razzoqi , Director of the General Department of Operations at Dubai Police.
“At Dubai Police, we recognize the importance of staying ahead of emerging threats and utilizing cutting-edge technologies to enhance the safety and security of our community. Our collaboration with Rafael Advanced Defense Systems Ltd. is a testament to our commitment to addressing regional UAS challenges and safeguarding valued assets. Together, we are leveraging the power of multiple technologies and systems to strengthen our security and safety capabilities.”
Brig. Gen. (res.) Shachar Shohat, Vice President of Strategy and Business Development, Air and Missile Defense Division at RAFAEL.
“We are proud to be standing alongside the Dubai Police and are committed to supporting the efforts to ensure that the regional threats and UAS challenges are met with the most advanced solutions. This cooperation is a step towards advancing defense capabilities and utilizing systems that have proven themselves effective in protecting an array of valued assets.”
13 Mar 23. Canada to buy anti-tank weapon, counter-drone tech for unit in Latvia. The Canadian military will fast-track the purchase of new anti-tank missiles, air defense systems and counter-drone equipment for its battlegroup in Latvia.
Defence Minister Anita Anand announced the acquisition plans on March 9, noting the systems are urgent operational requirements in the wake of the Russian invasion of Ukraine.
“These projects will better equip our Canadian Armed Forces members deployed on NATO’s eastern flank with the capabilities that they need,” Anand told retired and serving military officers at the Conference of Defence Associations’ annual meeting in Ottawa. “Canada’s leadership of the NATO battlegroup in Latvia demonstrates our unwavering commitment to the alliance.”
Canada currently has about 700 troops in Latvia.
The Canadian military is calling the first tranche of equipment it will buy a portable anti-X missile system, or PAXM. That project will acquire anti-tank missiles, plus simulators for training.
The country will soon issue a request for bids and award a contract in mid-2023, according to Department of National Defence spokesman Dan Le Bouthillier.
The department declined to release budget details on the three new projects.
Canadian troops in Latvia will also soon receive a counter-drone system. The Counter Uncrewed Aircraft System program, or CUAS, will see the force purchase a system to protect against small drones. A request for information was issued to defense and aerospace firms on March 2.
The country is expected to award contracts for various systems in fall 2023 and January 2024. The military plans to acquire both vehicle-mounted and fixed-site systems.
The air defense project will see a soldier-portable very-short-range air defense system equip Canadian units in Latvia. The release of a request for bids is expected in the summer. The Canadian military hopes to award a contract in early 2024, Le Bouthillier said.
Canadian troops have been stationed in Latvia since 2017. In June 2022, the Canadian government reaffirmed its commitment to Latvia, noting it would improve command-and-control, air defense, and anti-tank capabilities.
In addition, Canada has spent more than CA$1 bbn (U.S. $724 m) on equipping Ukraine’s military since Russia invaded the country in February 2022. On Jan. 10, the Canadian government announced it would purchase a surface-to-air missile system for Ukraine, but no further details are available. (Source: Defense News Early Bird/Defense News)
14 Mar 23. Toshiba unveils long-range detection radar. Japanese firm Toshiba revealed a radio frequency (RF) detection sensor and a long-range detection radar as part of a counter-unmanned aircraft system (C-UAS) solution at the DSEI Japan 2023 show in Chiba.
The C-UAS solution, which the company has not named, includes an RF sensor; a short-, medium-, and long-range radar; two cameras; and a net gun-based autonomous unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) countermeasure.
Toshiba said its RF detection sensor passively detects UAS control signals at distances of 4 km. It said its short-, medium-, and long-range radars can detect UASs from 0.8 km, 1.8 km, and 5 km, respectively.
The company added that the detection range of its long-range radar can be increased up to 20 km, depending on the radar cross-section (RCS) of the hostile UAS. The information obtained by the radar is cued to a Bosch PTZ camera and an unidentified US-origin optical and thermal camera.
The autonomous UAV countermeasure is deployed to capture a hostile UAS by deploying net guns, which can tow the UAS to a safe location. (Source: Janes)
11 Mar 23. Canadian defence department issues urgent operational request for C-UAS systems. Canada will be acquiring Portable Anti-X Missile systems, Counter Uncrewed Aircraft Systems, and Air Defence Systems as Urgent Operational Requirements (UORs), according to Defence Minister Anita Anand speaking at the March 9 Ottawa Conference on Security and Defence hosted by the Conference of Defence Associations Institute.
According to a defence department statement:
“The urgent procurement of these capabilities will improve the self-protection of military members deployed in Eastern Europe as part of Operation REASSURANCE.
- The Portable Anti-X Missile systems (PAXM) – Urgent Operational Requirement project will provide PAXM systems including missiles, simulators and associated support to empower the CAF personnel deployed with the Canada-led multinational NATO enhanced Forward Presence Battle Group Latvia with training and the capability to destroy main battle tanks. As part of this streamlined procurement process, it is expected a Request for Proposal will be issued in the coming months with a contract award in mid-2023.
- The Counter Uncrewed Aircraft System – Urgent Operational Requirement (CUAS UOR) project will provide a CUAS capability that will provide protection measures against hostile Class 1 UAS for CAF personnel deployed in the Operation REASSURANCE theatre of operations. A Request for Information was issued on March 2, 2023. The project will be executed with a phased implementation approach. A contract award for Dismounted Equipment and Fixed Site Systems is estimated for Fall 2023. A contract award for Vehicle Mounted, Fully Integrated Systems is estimated for early 2024.
- The Air Defence – Urgent Operational Requirement (AD UOR) project will acquire a soldier portable Very-Short Range Air Defence System (VSHORAD) for the NATO enhanced Forward Presence Battle Group Latvia in order to defeat attack aircraft and Class 1 UAS within its area of operations. A Request for Information is expected to be issued in March 2023 and a Request for Proposal is expected during Summer 2023. The timeframe for contract award is currently estimated for early 2024.
According to the request for information (https://canadabuys.canada.ca/en/tender-opportunities/tender-notice/pw-bm-036-28974) the deadline for responses is March 24, 2023.
The following are excepts from the RFI:
“The CUAS UOR intends to deliver several components: a) Dismounted directional System including a Radio Frequency (RF) Jammer; b) Dismounted omni-directional system including a RF detector, RF Jammer and Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) Jammer; c) Fixed Site System including a Command and Control (C2) system, RF detector, ability to conduct protocol manipulation; and…
“The CUAS capability will be deployed primarily to Canadian Army (CA) elements. These elements, based on a battalion of mechanized infantry, will tactically deploy CUAS systems throughout their Area if Operation (AO) to mitigate Class 1 UAS. A CUAS will defend these elements first by detecting, identifying, and tracking the UAS through a mixture of sensors (e.g. Electronic Warfare (EW), radars, and optics). Once their target is identified, the CUAS capability will degrade or defeat the enemy UAS with a soft-kill (EW) capability…”
For more information
https://www.canada.ca/en/department-national-defence/news/2023/03/minister-anand-updates-national-defence-stakeholders-on-progress-to-modernize-the-canadian-armed-forces-for-tomorrows-security-challenges.html (Source: www.unmannedairspace.info)
12 Mar 23. USA, Saudi Arabia “planning exclusive C-UAS exercise to tackle Iranian drone threat.” Al Monitor reports that the USA and Saudi Arabia are planning to start in mid-March the first “Red Sands” US/Saudi air defence exercise, to be held in Saudi Arabia.
According to the news source: “The defensive exercise series — the brainchild of the Central Command (CENTCOM) commander Gen. Michael “Erik” Kurilla — is the most significant step in the Pentagon’s belated efforts to adapt to Iran’s rapid advances in drone warfare in recent years. More than three years after guided Iranian missiles and drones slammed into Saudi Aramco oil facilities at Abqaiq and Khurays, US defense officials openly acknowledge that reliance on conventional shows of force has failed to deter Iran’s attacks.
“The Pentagon’s withdrawals of air defense systems from the Middle East in recent years amid tensions with Russia and China and a backlog of requests by regional governments to purchase similar US-made systems has led new leadership at US CENTCOM to pursue some inventive solutions.
“Saudi Arabia was selected to host Red Sands in part because of the country’s vast expanses of open desert away from population centers, where the US and regional militaries can experiment with directed energy weapons for air defense purposes, one US military official told Al-Monitor.
“Directed energy will not be fielded this month, but US Army officials will introduce to their Saudi counterparts to a new computer simulator developed last year by a Massachusetts National Guard soldier Sgt Mickey Reeve.”
For more information
09 Mar 23. FAA to test Rafael Systems’ Drone Dome counter drone system at Atlantic City International Airport. The US Federal Aviation Administration has awarded Rafael Systems Global Sustainment a transaction agreement to test the capabilities of Rafael’s Drone Dome counter drone detection, neutralization and interception System at the Atlantic City International Airport, according to a report by Israel Defense.
The process will involve research, testing, and evaluations in order for the system to be properly utilized to deal with UAS threats and interference surrounding the airport. The objectives of the research effort are to ensure that technologies and or systems that are developed, tested, or deployed by federal departments and agencies to detect and mitigate potential risks posed by errant or hostile UAS operations do not adversely impact or interfere with safe airport operations, navigation, air traffic services, or the safe and efficient operation of the National Airspace System, says the report.
Testing will initially take place for several months at Atlantic City with follow on performance validation at other airports in the United States, says Israel Defense.
In November 2022, the U.S. Department of Defense’s (DoD) Joint Counter-small Unmanned Aircraft Systems Office (JCO) named and recommended for C-sUAS As A Service (CaaS) the DRONE DOME system. This followed a series of demonstrations of the system completed at Yuma Proving Ground, Arizona, in April of the same year. For more information visit: www.israeldefense.co.il (Source: www.unmannedairspace.info)
09 Mar 23. Thales and French start-up Drone XTR link to offer C-UAS and UTM services. Thales and Drone XTR have signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to provide an integrated solution for drone detection.
“Nearly 2,500,000 drones have been registered in France in 2021,” says Thales. “The proliferation of drones in the airspace raises security challenges to prevent accidents or even malicious acts from occurring. As one of the top three countries in the world in terms of drone solutions, France relies on a highly experienced ecosystem to secure the growing airspace. As part of this effort, Thales is partnering with Drone XTR to address emerging needs and offer the best possible solution to the customer in terms of airspace detection and management.
Drone XTR is a French start-up which has been developing electronic signal detection capabilities, enabling the detection of most signal-emitting UAVs. Coupled with the TopSky – UAS solution from Thales, this offer allows users to discriminate between authorized and unauthorized flights but also locate the pilot if needed.
“This solution will be capable of detecting drone intrusions, transmitting information (digital evidence and the position of the pilot) in order to alert the relevant authorities to neutralize the threat. As part of this agreement, Thales and Drone XTR will also work together to pursue commercial opportunities in the field of UTM (Unmanned Traffic Management) and surveillance.” (Source: www.unmannedairspace.info)
08 Mar 23. European Commission requests industry feedback to a drone threat communication.
Directorate-General for Migration and Home Affairs – D.2 is developing a Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions on the subject of EU security – countering threats from drones
The Commission has asked for feedback from industry between 06 March 2023 – 03 April 2023 (midnight Brussels time)
Key items from the Commission’s plans are outlined below:
“This Communication will set out a European counter-drone framework to tackle potential threats from drones. Building on existing activities at EU level, it will propose key actions to expand cooperation on: (i) community building and information sharing; (ii) practical guidance; (iii) operational support and funding; (iv) counter-drone systems testing (and potential harmonisation or standardisation); and (v) leveraging research & innovation. It will also start a mapping study to identify the possible need for regulatory measures.
“To achieve this, the Communication will give an overview of the current threats and technological developments that need to be monitored. It will describe what cooperation at EU level already exists in the areas listed above and what gaps remain. It will set out how to tackle those gaps by introducing a set of key actions to be implemented by set deadlines.
“These measures will be drawn up using: (i) the results of previous cooperation, such as workshops and the existing EU C-UAS Interest Group; (ii) results of projects; (iii) feedback from Member States and other stakeholders; and (iv) the results of targeted consultation. The Communication will then bring the different parts and key actions together into a fully fledged counter-drone framework, allowing for an anticipatory and innovation-supported EU approach to counter-drone threats. Along with the Communication, two new ‘Protection against unmanned aircraft systems’ handbooks will be published, thus creating a comprehensive counter-drone package.”
“Preventing the unauthorised use of UAS is necessary so that their legitimate use can reach its full potential. UAS are innovative tools that can be used for many legitimate purposes; however, if access to them is uncontrolled, they can also be used maliciously. Incidents involving UAS have become more frequent inside and outside the EU. These incidents include organised criminal activities, attacks on public spaces, individuals and critical infrastructure, and unauthorised entry of UAS owned and operated by non-EU countries in Member States’ airspace.
“While the EU has regulated the legitimate use of drones, there are no specific EU rules and guidelines on countering their unauthorised or criminal use. EU security authorities should be able to adopt counter-UAS solutions to better respond to threats from UAS in the EU.
“To protect society against malicious and non-cooperative drones, law enforcement and public and private operators must have lawful access to affordable and reliable counter-measure technologies that enable flexible solutions adapted to the threat level and operating situation. There is also an important defence aspect in using counter-UAS systems. UAS have been increasingly used in several regional conflicts lately.
“Non-state actors are challenging our security, both on EU territory and beyond, for instance by increasing use of drones and new technologies’. EU programmes, such as Horizon Europe, the European Defence Fund and their precursors, have been supporting research and innovation in UAS and counter-UAS technologies. The potential of civil-defence synergies is also important. The EU drone strategy 2.0 recognised the importance of ‘reaping synergies between civil and military use of drones and drone-related technologies, including counterdrone solutions to detect and mitigate threats posed by drone operations’. This initiative aims to present ways for harnessing potential synergies from the use of civil and military drone technologies..
For more information: https://home-affairs.ec.europa.eu/policies/internal-security/counter-terrorism-and-radicalisation/protection_en (Source: www.unmannedairspace.info)
07 Mar 23. Airobotics completes acquisition of Iron-Drone and launches new counter drone system. Autonomous drone manufacturer Airobotics (a subsidiary of Ondas Holdings) reports completion of the acquisition of Iron-Drone, a company specializing in the development of autonomous counter-drone systems. Together with Airobotics’ Optimus System drone, the companies will offer a government-grade drone solution for security and critical infrastructure protection and monitoring.
This transaction targets growth in rapidly expanding public safety, homeland security, and defense markets. The combined technologies will provide customers in smart city, defense, and industrial markets with an integrated security platform capable of intercepting hostile drones in various areas such as airports, populated areas, critical infrastructure, according to the press release. For more information visit: www.airoboticsdrones.com (Source: www.unmannedairspace.info)
10 Mar 23. Pentagon’s counter-drone boss tackles rising threat.
The internet is awash in videos claiming to show Russian and Ukrainian forces dropping shells and grenades on each other from small commercial drones. And while the veracity of the footage can’t be proved in every case, Pentagon officials say there’s no question the threat of small unmanned aerial systems is growing.
Indeed, the problem existed in the Middle East well before Russia’s February 2022 invasion of Ukraine, but DoD leaders say the European theater is making clear the importance of effectively countering drones.
The Pentagon established the Joint Counter-Unmanned Aircraft Systems Office, or JCO, in 2019 to develop enduring solutions to address the problem.
Maj. Gen. Sean Gainey is the JCO’s first director and has led the new office through a variety of demonstrations to evaluate technology. He has also established a new process to train soldiers how to effectively counter drones.
Defense News sat down with Gainey at the Pentagon on Feb. 24 to talk about the JCO’s progress and what comes next. This interview was edited for length and clarity.
How is the threat of drones influencing the development of countermeasures?
The Defense Department made a decision a few years ago to make the Army the executive agent to essentially frame this problem set, have a service lead and direct the effort with all of the services. In that process, we essentially focused on three areas: developing a joint materiel solution, joint training and joint doctrine. We want to ensure we are not just going after the materiel solution, but putting a framework around the materiel solution with training and doctrine so there is a holistic capability when fielding to the warfighter.
So specifically, what are we doing? What we decided earlier is having a system-of-systems, layered approach to a common command-and-control method is the best way to get after this type of threat. There is no one capability that will defeat the range of threats that you will see with these unmanned systems out there, whether they’re small quadcopters, or a large, one-way attack.
What have you learned from the Russian invasion of Ukraine about the use of drones in battle? Has the capacity exceeded your expectations?
What we’ve seen is the validation that the threat is real, the threat is evolving. And we at the DoD are taking this seriously. What we’re seeing in Ukraine really is a validation of what we’re seeing inside of U.S. Central Command’s [area of responsibility]. And our methodology of how to get after this threat is a layered approach integrated in a common C2.
Globally, we’re seeing the threat continues to grow, and you’ll see a range of employment of that threat from large to small amounts, depending on where you are.
The U.S. Army is starting to evaluate how to deploy its own drone swarms, which are already a threat. But is that technology overhyped?
I wouldn’t say “overhyped.” Anytime you can saturate an operator with the capability is something you have to take seriously, and we’re taking counter-swarm seriously. In one of our recent demonstrations, we demonstrated how to get after a swarm using a high-power microwave.
And we’re looking at other ways, from an operator-overload perspective, to be able to get after this threat and then provide the operator the tools to be able to defeat this threat.
You’ve held several rodeos and demonstrations to find counter-UAS technology for different requirements — to address gaps or fulfill operational needs, for example — while acknowledging there’s no silver bullet. How have those rodeos gone?
We decided early that giving industry an opportunity to come out every six months or so to show us what they’re doing and focus it on a capability gap area has been extremely helpful. If you look at the three demonstrations that we’ve executed to date, the first one was a dismounted hand-held capability. We are seeing some of those capabilities perform well with the services.
The next demonstration, working with the Air Force, we did a low-collateral intercept demonstration. That capability is also out with the services right now. And I talked to you about the high-power microwave; in looking at the future threat of things like swarming, we found a [high-power microwave] capability that performed better than some of the other capabilities, and the Army purchased four prototypes after the demonstration that will eventually get into the Army system for us to try and decide if we want to move forward with that capability.
And our next demonstration is focused on Group 3 one-way attack. So we are looking at different areas out there and inviting industry into the process to help us get after this in a more expedient manner.
[Editor’s note: The U.S. Army defines Group 3 UAS as featuring a maximum gross takeoff weight of less than 1,320 pounds.]
What technologies and capability areas are you yet to evaluate but would like to do so?
One of the areas that I didn’t highlight is that we did a demonstration on counter-UAS as a service. This involved taking another look at how to employ capability, not in your traditional acquisition manner, but pay industry as a service to employ the capability, to spiral that capability as necessary.
We identified five industry partners that performed well and met the criteria we were looking for. I essentially signed a memorandum, and highlighted to the services and [combatant commands] that these are some of the partners that we’ve looked at and can provide a sound business model for you to do that.
We then funded the Marines; they are now doing a pilot on behalf of the DoD, employing this capability at some of their sites. The Army is also planning a pilot to deploy to a couple of sites, and then the Air Force has a few sites. So that’s a model where we’ve taken the demonstration and then looked to the services to employ that capability. So we are studying it through a pilot lens.
As you talk swarming, directed energy sounds like a great way — if you get the technology to a point and have the magazine depth — to be able to get after multiple and not have to shoot a lot of interceptors. We’ve selected the Air Force as our service lead, working closely with the Army Rapid Capabilities and Critical Technologies Office to deliver a directed-energy capability. We have that capability out in the field for operational assessment; now we’re just seeing what wattage is right for this particular problem set.
How will individual soldiers contend with or defeat drones? How are you training them?
Every soldier needs to have that baseline knowledge of how to employ counter-UAS capability; how to do passive measures; and how to understand what the threat can do, and see from their perspective, and what you can do to prepare yourself.
Providing the individual soldier a capability, which we’re doing now, to be able to defeat this threat is critical; but not only that — also providing them the training. We’ve done a lot of work in developing Joint Knowledge Online modules. Those are focused on operator understanding, overall orientation to the problem set and orientation to the systems, with an intent of eventually making that a mandatory class for every soldier.
More importantly, we’ve also stood up the joint counter-UAS academy that’s currently at Yuma, Arizona, but will move to Fort Sill, Oklahoma, with the air defense school and fires schoolhouse, and really consolidate a joint school where all the services will be able to provide an operator’s [course] and a planner’s course to give the warfighter that ability to not only execute the system, but also to plan it out, which we haven’t had in the past.
How do you plan to adapt technology not necessarily designed to counter drones, like active protection systems for combat vehicles, for such a mission?
We’re looking at different platforms, different technology. For example, with the high-power microwave, right now it sits on a gimbal. The Army purchased four of those, but also through the Navy, working with the Marines, we’re looking at different ways to employ that same type of technology on vehicles.
Industry is doing a really good job of saying: “Hey, here’s an innovative way to employ this to maximize the use all the way down to the operator level.” (Source: Defense News Early Bird/Defense News)
Blighter Surveillance Systems is a world-leading designer and manufacturer of best-in-class electronic-scanning ground-based radars, surveillance solutions and Counter-UAS systems. Blighter’s solid-state micro-Doppler products are deployed in more than 35 countries across the globe, delivering consistent all-weather security protection and wide area surveillance along borders, coastlines, at military bases and across critical infrastructure such as airports, oil and gas facilities and palaces. Blighter radars are also used to protect manoeuvre force missions when deployed on military land vehicles and trailers, and its world-beating multi-mode radar represents a great leap in threat detection technology and affordability for use in a variety of scenarios.
The Blighter range of radar products are used for detecting a variety of threats, from individuals on foot to land vehicles, boats, drones and low-flying aircraft at ranges of up to 32 km. Blighter Surveillance Systems employs 40 people and is located near Cambridge, UK, where it designs, produces and markets its range of unique patented solid-state radars. Blighter prides itself on being an engineer-led business committed to providing cost-effective and flexible solutions across the defence, critical infrastructure and national security markets.