GROWING MISSILE THREAT NEEDS ROBUST DEFENSES
By Lisa Daniel, American Forces Press Service
29 Mar 12. The United States is well protected against the current threat from limited intercontinental ballistic missile attacks, but the threat is growing, underscoring the need for a robust and flexible defense system, a senior Pentagon official said here yesterday.
Development and deployment of the Ground-based Midcourse Defense System protects the United States against the current threats posed by nations such as North Korea and Iran, Madelyn R. Creedon, assistant secretary of defense for global strategic affairs, said at the 10th Annual U.S. Missile Defense Conference.
With 30 ground-based interceptors in place, the United States is well protected against the current threat, she said at the conference, sponsored by the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics.
“Maintaining this advantageous position is essential,” she added. “As the threat matures — and it will — we will continued to improve the GMD system, including enhanced performance by the [interceptors] and the deployment of new sensors.”
Creedon outlined the Defense Department’s ballistic missile defense plans and priorities as part of the military strategic guidance President Barack Obama issued in January. She detailed U.S. progress in sustaining a strong homeland defense, strengthening regional missile defense, and fostering increased international cooperation.
Obama’s fiscal 2013 budget request to Congress includes $9.7 billion — part of $47.4 billion over five years — for missile defense. Though the request is down slightly from the current year, Creedon said, it adequately supports the U.S. commitment to both homeland security and regional defense.
The improved ground-based system requires a satellite tracking system, as well as the Standard Missile 3 Block IIA and IIB interceptors. “These efforts will help to ensure that the United States possesses a superior capability to counter projected threats for the foreseeable future,” Creedon said.
The United States also is developing a “hedge strategy,” Creedon added, to address possible delays in the development of the system or emerging threats.
“The United States must be well hedged against the rapid emergence of a threat that undermines the advantage we have today,” she said.
Creedon said development of the four-phase system includes: Development of the two-stage ground-based interceptor and completion of 14 silos at Fort Greely, Alaska; Inclusion of funding in the fiscal 2013 budget request to improve the ground-based system with early warning radars, advanced sensors, and improved command and control software, all designed to make the system increasingly more efficient; Deployment of the SM-3 IIB in Europe early in the next decade, providing early interception capabilities from a possible Iranian attack and other emerging threats; and the purchase of five more ground-based interceptors to improve rapid response and allow for testing and spares, as well as “to keep the GBI production line warm.”
After a decade of progress in fielding capabilities against short- and medium-range ballistic missiles, “the United States is now capable of significantly strengthening the protection of its forces abroad and assisting its allies and partners in providing for their own defense,” Creedon said.
The short and medium ballistic missile threat is rapidly expanding in areas where the U.S. military is deployed, and Defense Department officials are reviewing the best ways to address the threat with systems that are mobile, flexible and region-specific, Creedon said. Such regional architectures will augment homeland defense, she added.
The commitment to missile defense is growing among NATO nations, Creedon said, and the United States deployed the first phase of its European-based system with the guided missile cruiser USS Monterey, carrying SM-3 interceptors, in the Medit